Afrotropic

From Academic Kids

See Sub-Saharan Africa for other aspects.

The Afrotropic Ecozone is Africa south of the Sahara Desert. It was formerly known as the Ethiopian Zone or Ethiopian Region.

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Afrotropic.png
The Afrotropic Ecozone

Madagascar and neighboring islands form a distinctive sub-region of the ecozone, with numerous endemic taxa like the lemurs. Madagascar and the Seychelles are old pieces of the ancient supercontinent of Gondwana, and broke away from Africa millions of years ago. Other Indian ocean islands, like the Comoros and Mascarene Islands, are volcanic islands that formed more recently.

The Cape floristic region, at Africa's southern tip, is a Mediterranean climate region that is home to a significant number of endemic taxa, as well as to plant families like the proteas (Proteaceae) that are also found in the Australasia ecozone.

The Afrotropic is home to a number of endemic plant families, including Oliniaceae, Heteropyxidaceae, Penaeaceae, Psiloxylaceae and Rhynchocalycaceae (order Myrtales) and Sarcolaenaceae (order Malvales).

There are 6 endemic bird families, including ostriches, sunbirds, Secretary bird, guineafowl, and mousebirds.

Africa has three endemic orders of mammals, the Tubulidentata (aardvarks), Afrosoricida (tenrecs and golden moles), and Macroscelidea (elephant shrews).

Animals that could be found here include:

Afrotropic Terrestrial Ecoregions

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests
Albertine Rift montane forests (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda)
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests (Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon)
Cameroonian Highlands forests (Cameroon, Nigeria)
Central Congolian lowland forests (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Comoros forests (Comoros)
Cross-Niger transition forests (Nigeria)
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests (Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria)
East African montane forests (Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania)
Eastern Arc forests (Tanzania, Kenya)
Eastern Congolian swamp forests (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Eastern Guinean forests (Benin, Ghana, Cte d'Ivoire, Togo)
Ethiopian montane forests (Ethiopia)
Granitic Seychelles forests (Seychelles)
Guinean montane forests (Guinea, Cte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone)
Knysna-Amatole montane forests (South Africa)
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic (South Africa)
Madagascar lowland forests (Madagascar)
Madagascar subhumid forests (Madagascar)
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic (Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa)
Mascarene forests (Mauritius, Runion)
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests (Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea)
Niger Delta swamp forests (Nigeria)
Nigerian lowland forests (Benin, Nigeria)
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo)
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic (Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania)
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo)
So Tom and Prncipe moist lowland forests (So Tom and Prncipe)
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic (Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe)
Western Congolian swamp forests (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo)
Western Guinean lowland forests (Guinea, Cte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone)
Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests
Cape Verde Islands dry forests (Cape Verde)
Madagascar dry deciduous forests (Madagascar)
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests (Zambia, Angola)
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Miombo woodlands (Angola)
Angolan Mopane woodlands (Angola, Namibia)
Ascension scrub and grasslands (Ascension Island)
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands (Angola, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia)
East Sudanian savanna (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda)
Eastern Miombo woodlands (Mozambique, Tanzania)
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Cte d'Ivoire, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo)
Itigi-Sumbu thicket (Tanzania, Zambia)
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands (Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe)
Mandara Plateau mosaic (Cameroon, Nigeria)
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets (Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda)
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Uganda)
Sahelian Acacia savanna (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan)
Serengeti volcanic grasslands (Tanzania)
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan)
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets (Kenya, Tanzania)
Southern Africa bushveld (Botswana, South Africa, Zimbabwe)
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic (Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Southern Miombo woodlands (Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
Saint Helena scrub and woodlands (Saint Helena)
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda)
West Sudanian savanna (Benin, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Cte d'Ivoire, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal)
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic (Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo)
Western Zambezian grasslands (Angola, Zambia)
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands (Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands (Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Al Hajar Al Gharbi montane woodlands (Oman)
Amsterdam and Saint-Paul Islands temperate grasslands (Amsterdam Island, Saint-Paul Island)
Tristan da Cunha-Gough Islands shrub and grasslands (Tristan da Cunha, Gough Island)
Flooded grasslands and savannas
East African halophytics (Kenya, Tanzania)
Etosha Pan halophytics (Namibia)
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna (Mali)
Lake Chad flooded savanna (Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria)
Saharan flooded grasslands (Sudan)
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna (Mozambique)
Zambezian flooded grasslands (Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia)
Zambezian halophytics (Botswana)
Montane grasslands and shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic (Angola)
Angolan scarp savanna and woodlands (Angola)
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands (Lesotho, South Africa)
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests (Lesotho, South Africa, Swaziland)
East African montane moorlands (Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda)
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic (Mozambique, Zimbabwe)
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands (Ethiopia)
Ethiopian montane moorlands (Ethiopia)
Highveld grasslands (Lesotho, South Africa)
Jos Plateau forest-grassland mosaic (Nigeria)
Madagascar ericoid thickets (Madagascar)
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets (Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland)
Ruwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Uganda)
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic (Malawi, Mozambique)
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic (Malawi, Tanzania)
Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub
Albany thickets (South Africa)
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld (South Africa)
Montane fynbos and renosterveld (South Africa)
Deserts and xeric shrublands
Aldabra Island xeric scrub (Seychelles)
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert (Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen)
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands (Chad, Sudan)
Eritrean coastal desert (Djibouti, Eritrea)
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan)
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert (Oman, United Arab Emirates)
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands (Somalia)
Ile Europa and Bassas da India xeric scrub (Bassas da India, Europa)
Kalahari xeric savannaBotswana, Namibia, South Africa)
Kaokoveld desert (Angola, Namibia)
Madagascar spiny thickets (Madagascar)
Madagascar succulent woodlands (Madagascar)
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands (Ethiopia, Kenya)
Nama Karoo (Namibia, South Africa)
Namib desert (Namibia)
Namibian savanna woodlands (Namibia)
Red Sea coastal desert (Egypt, Sudan)
Socotra Island xeric shrublands (Yemen)
Somali montane xeric woodlands (Somalia)
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna (Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen)
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands (Saudi Arabia, Yemen)
Succulent Karoo (South Africa)
Mangrove

Central African mangroves (Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Nigeria)
East African mangroves (Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania)
Guinean mangroves (Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cte d'Ivoire)
Madagascar mangroves (Madagascar)
Southern Africa mangroves (Mozambique, South Africa)



Template:Terrestrial biomes

Ecozones
Afrotropic | Antarctic | Australasia | Indomalaya | Nearctic | Neotropic | Oceania | Palearctic

External link

fr:cozone afrotropicale ja:エチオピア区

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