Agkistrodon

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Agkistrodon
Missing image
Cottonmouth_Snake,_Gaping.jpg
A cottonmouth snake (Agkistrodon piscivorus), showing the white inner mouth it received its name for.


Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Reptilia
Order:Squamata
Family:Viperidae
Genus:Agkistrodon
Species

A. bilineatus
A. contortrix
A. piscivorus

Agkistrodon (from Greek ancistron, meaning fishhook) is a genus of snakes of the subfamily Crotalinae. As of 1999, the genus Agkistrodon only includes New World species. For the Old World pit vipers previously assigned to this genus, see Gloydius.

Species

  • Agkistrodon bilineatusCantil (primarily Mexico)
  • Agkistrodon contortrixAmerican copperhead (southeastern United States)
    • Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix — Southern Copperhead
    • Agkistrodon contortrix laticinctus — Broad-banded Copperhead
    • Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen — Northern Copperhead
    • Agkistrodon contortrix phaeogaster — Osage Copperhead
    • Agkistrodon contortrix pictigaster — Trans-Pecos Copperhead
  • Agkistrodon piscivorusCottonmouth, a.k.a. Water Moccasin (southeastern United States)
    • Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus — Eastern Cottonmouth
    • Agkistrodon piscivorus conanti — Florida Cottonmouth
    • Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma — Western Cottonmouth
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