Alexius Meinong

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Alexius Meinong (1853 - 1920) was an Austrian philosopher. He is most noted for his Theory of Objects (Über Gegenstandstheorie, 1904) and studies of deontic logic, which stemmed from his belief in nonexistent objects. The theory is based around the fact that it is possible to think about something, such as a golden mountain, even though that object does not exist.

Meinong was born in Lemberg, Austria (now L'viv in Ukraine) and died in Graz, Austria. He studied at the Academic Gymnasium, Vienna and later the University of Vienna where he read history and philosophy as a pupil of Franz Brentano. He was professor and Chair of Philosophy at the University of Graz where he founded the Graz psychological institute (in 1894) and the Graz School of experimental psychology.

Meinong supervised the promotion of Christian von Ehrenfels (founder of Gestalt psychology), as well as the habilitation of Alois Höfler and Anton Oelzelt-Newin.

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