Aluminium oxide

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Aluminium oxide
Other names Alumina
Molecular formula Al2O3
Molar mass 101.96 g/mol
CAS number [1344-28-1]
EINECS number 215-691-6
Density 3.97 g/cm3
Solubility (water) Insoluble
Melting point 2040°C
Thermodynamic data
Standard enthalpy
of formation
ΔfHsolid
1675.7 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy
Ssolid
50.9 J.K1.mol1
Disclaimer and references

Aluminium oxide or aluminum oxide is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen with chemical formula Al2O3. It is also commonly referred to as alumina in the mining, ceramic, and materials science communities.

Aluminium oxide is the main component of bauxite, the principal ore of aluminium. Industrially, bauxite is purified to aluminium oxide via the Bayer process, and then converted to aluminium metal in the Hall-Heroult process.

The gems ruby and sapphire are mostly aluminium oxide, given their characteristic colors by trace impurities.

Aluminium oxide is responsible for metallic aluminium's resistance to weathering. Metallic aluminium is very reactive with atmospheric oxygen, and a thin layer of aluminium oxide quickly forms on any exposed aluminium surface. This layer protects the metal from further oxidation. The thickness and properties of this oxide layer can be enhanced using a process called anodising.

Aluminium oxide is an excellent thermal and electrical insulator. In its crystalline form, called corundum, its hardness makes it suitable for use as an abrasive and as a component in cutting tools.

Powdered aluminium oxide is frequently used as a medium for chromatography.

In August, 2004, scientists in the United States working for 3M developed a technique for making an alloy of alumina and rare earth elements to produce a strong glass called transparent alumina.

Aluminium oxide was taken off the EPA's chemicals lists in 1988.

External links

de:Aluminiumoxid fr:Alumine is:lox nl:Aluminiumoxide ja:酸化アルミニウム no:Aluminiumoksid pl:Tlenek glinu ru:Алюминия оксид

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