Anchovy

From Academic Kids

Anchovies
image:anchovy-thumbnail.jpg
European anchovy
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Engraulidae
Genera

Amazonsprattus
Anchoa
Anchovia
Anchiovella
Cetengraulis
Coilia
Encrasicholina
Engraulis
Jurengraulis
Lycengraulis
Lycothrissa
Papuengraulis
Pterengraulis
Setipinna
Stolephorus
Thryssa

The anchovies are a family (Engraulidae) of small but common schooling saltwater plankton-feeding fish. Their distribution is worldwide.

Anchovies preserved by gutting and salting in brine, matured then packed in oil are an important food fish, both popular and unpopular for their strong flavor. In Roman times, they were the base for the fermented fish sauce called garum that was a staple of cuisine and an item of long-distance commerce produced in industrial quantities. Today they are a key ingredient in Caesar salad and common as a pizza topping. Because of the strong flavor they are also an ingredient in several sauces, including Worcestershire sauce and many other fish sauces, and in some versions of Caf de Paris butter. Anchovies are also commonly used as a pizza topping. Fishermen also use anchovies as bait for larger fish such as tuna and sea bass.

The family includes 16 genera and over 130 species.

Species:

  • European anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus is the anchovy of commerce. Morocco now leads the world in canned anchovies. The anchovy industry along the coast of Cantabria now dwarfs the traditional Catalan salters, though the industry was only initiated in Cantabria by Sicilian salters in the mid 19th century.

Overfishing of anchovies has been a problem. Since the 1980s, large mechanized anchovy fishing vessels based in France have caught the fish in fine-mesh dragnets.

Anchovies are also commonly used as a pizza topping

External link


Template:Fish-stubde:Sardellen es:Anchoa he:עפיאן ja:アンチョビ fr:Anchois lt:Ančiuvinės ru:Анчоусы

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