Antarctic Peninsula

From Academic Kids

Missing image
Booth_and_Mount_Scott.jpg
Booth Island and Mount Scott flank the narrow Lemaire Channel on the west side of the Antarctic Peninsula.

Antarctic Peninsula (Template:Coor dm) is the northernmost part of the mainland of Antarctica, and the only part of that continent that extends outside the Antarctic Circle. It lies in the Western Hemisphere, facing South America.

The first sighting of Antarctic Peninsula is contested but it apparently occurred in the 1820s. Agreement on this name by the US-ACAN and UK-APC in 1964 resolved a long-standing difference involving use of the American name, Palmer Peninsula, and the British name, Graham Land, for this feature. Graham Land is now restricted to that part of Antarctic Peninsula northward of a line between Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz; Palmer Land to the part southward of that line. In Spanish, it sometimes is referred as OHiggins Land, after the Chilean patriot and Antarctic visionary.

The peninsula is highly mountainous, its highest peaks rising to approximately 2,800 metres (9,186 feet). These mountains are considered to be a continuation of the Andes of South America, with a submarine spine connecting the two.

Since the peninsula has the mildest climate in Antarctica, the highest concentration of research stations on the continent can be found there, or on the many nearby islands.

Hope Bay, at Template:Coor dm, is at the northernmost extremity of the peninsula.

External link

nl:Antarctisch Schiereiland ja:南極半島

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