Augite

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Augite
Missing image
AugiteUSGOV.jpg
General
CategoryMineral
Chemical formula(Ca, Mg, Fe, Ti, Al)(Al, Si)2O6
Identification
Colour Pale brown to purplish or greenish brown
Crystal system Monoclinic
Cleavage {110} good
Fracture uneven
Mohs Scale hardness 5 to 6.5
Luster Vitreous
Refractive index α = 1.671 - 1.735, β = 1.672 - 1.741, γ = 1.703 - 1.774
Specific gravity 3.19 - 3.56
Data from Deer et al. (1992).

Augite is a mafic mineral described chemically as (Ca, Na)(Mg, Fe, Al)(Al, Si)2O6 or calcium sodium magnesium iron aluminium silicate. Structurally, it is a solid solution of the pyroxene group which also contains diopside and hedenbergite. The crystals are monoclinic and prismatic. It is found in igneous rocks such as gabbros and basalts, and in metamorphic rocks from hydrothermal vents. Occasional specimens have a shiny appearance that give rise to the mineral's name, which is from the Greek augites, meaning "brightness", although ordinary specimens have a dull (dark green, brown or black) finish.

References

  • Deer, W. A., Howie, R. A., and Zussman, J. (1992). An introduction to the rock-forming minerals (2nd ed.). Harlow: Longman ISBN 0-582-30094-0

Template:Mineral-stubde:Augit pl:Augit

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