Chinaberry

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(Redirected from Bead tree)
Chinaberry or Bead Tree

Chinaberry in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Sapindales
Family:Meliaceae
Genus:Melia
Species:M. azedarach

Template:Taxobox section binomial botany

The Chinaberry or Bead Tree (Melia azedarach), is a small tree in the mahogany family Meliaceae, native to India and southern China, also occasionally known as Persian Lilac.

The flowers are pale purple, in clusters, the fruit marble-sized, light yellow at maturity, hanging on the tree all winter, gradually becoming almost white. The leaves have been used as a natural insecticide to keep with stored food, but must not be eaten as they are highly poisonous. The flowers are unattractive to bees and butterflies. All parts of the plant are poisonous to humans if eaten, though some birds are able to eat the fruit, spreading the seeds in their droppings.

The hard, spherical seeds were widely used for making rosaries and other products requiring beads, before their replacement by modern plastics.

The plant is considered an invasive species in the southern United States, however nurseries continue to sell the trees, and seeds are also widely available.

The genus Melia includes four other species, occurring from southeast Asia to northern Australia. They are all deciduous or semi-evergreen small trees.he:אזדרכת מצויה

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