Canadian federal election, 1972

From Academic Kids

Template:Election canada

Missing image
Cdn1972.PNG
The House of Commons after the 1972 election
The Canadian federal election of 1972 was held on October 30, 1972 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. It resulted in a slim victory for the governing Liberal Party, which won 109 seats, compared to 107 seats for the opposition Progressive Conservatives. A further 48 seats were won by other parties and independents. On election night, the results appeared to give 109 seats to the Tories, however once the counting had finished the next day, the final results gave the Liberals a minority government and left the New Democratic Party led by David Lewis holding the balance of power. See 29th Canadian parliament for a full list of MPs elected.

The election was the second fought by Liberal leader Pierre Trudeau. The Liberals entered the election high in the polls, but the spirit of Trudeaumania had worn off, and a slumping economy hurt his party. The Tories were led by Robert Stanfield, the former premier of Nova Scotia, who had an honest but bumbling image. The Tories tried to capitalize on the public's perception that the Liberals were mismanaging the economy with the slogan, "A Progressive Conservative government will do better."

The Liberals campaigned on the slogan, "The Land is Strong", and television ads illustrating Canada's scenery. The slogan quickly became much derided, and the entire campaign is viewed as being one of the worst managed in recent decades. The party had developed few real issues to campaign on. One program that hurt the Liberals in many parts of the country was official bilingualism, which many English-Canadians viewed as an expensive waste of money.

One independent candidate was elected: Roch LaSalle was re-elected in his Quebec riding. LaSalle had left the PC caucus to protest the party's failure to recognize Quebec's right to self-determination, and was the only candidate to win the support of the separatist Parti Québécois.

One candidate with no affiliation was elected: Lucien Lamoureux, in the Ontario riding of Stomont-Dundas-Glengarry. Lamoureux, originally elected as a Liberal, had been serving as Speaker of the House of Commons. He ran without affiliation in order to preserve his impartiality as Speaker. He retired after this Parliament, and did not run in the 1974 election.

Party platforms

Liberal Party:

  • increase bilingualism in the civil service;
  • re-introduce a bill controlling foreign take-overs of Canadian businesses;
  • specialized programs to reduce unemployment;
  • a program to expand and create new parks across canada, including Toronto's "Harbourfront" and Mount Ste.-Anne Park near Quebec City;
  • make-work programs to create jobs;
  • reduce abuse of Unemployment Insurance; and
  • incentives to reduce pollution.

Progressive Conservative Party:

  • increase the discipline in government spending, and increase the power of the Auditor General to fight waste and inefficiency in government;
  • ban strikes in essential services;
  • introduce price and wage controls if necessary to control inflation;
  • require foreign-owned companies operating in Canada to have a majority of canadians on their boards of directors;
  • introduce an incentive to encourage Canadians to invest in small businesses;
  • develop a national economic strategy in co-operation with the provincial governments;
  • expand re-training opportunities for unemployed workers;
  • adjust tariffs to encourage secondary processing in Canada of Canada's natural resources;
  • eliminate the 11% sales tax on building materials;
  • eliminate 3% increase in personal income tax rates scheduled for January 1, 1973, and reduce rates by 4% on July 1, 1973;
  • adjust old age security payments regularly to reflect changes in the cost of living;
  • index tax brackets to inflation so that taxes do not rise as the cost of living rises;
  • provide assistance to set up residential land banks to reduce the cost of housing.

New Democratic Party:

  • eliminate 3% increase in personal income tax rates scheduled for January 1, 1973, and reduce rates by 8% for ordinary Canadians;
  • introduce controls on prices and rents, but not on wages;
  • create a 4300 millino program to funds public works durin winter months to reduce unemployment;
  • increase old age security payments, but eliminate them for wealthy senior citizens;
  • legislate greater autonomy for Canadian trade unions that are branches of international unions;
  • tough tax laws for corporations;
  • eliminate "corporate welfare", i.e., grants and subsidies for corporations, and use this money to build housing and transportation infrastructure, and fund municipal services to create jobs.

Social Credit Party:

  • reform the monetary system in line with social credit theories;
  • increase old age security payments to $200 per month beginning at age 60, and to $150 per month for spouses of seniors regardless of age.

National results

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1968 Dissolution Elected % Change # % Change

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal 263 155 147 109 -29.7% 3,717,804 38.42% -6.95%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Progressive Conservative <center> Robert Stanfield 265 72 73 107 +48.6% 3,388,980 35.02% +3.65%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

New Democratic <center> David Lewis 252 22 25 31 +40.9% 1,725,719 17.83% +0.87%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Social Credit/row

Social Credit1 <center> Real Caouette 164 14 15 15 +7.1% 730,759 7.55% +2.27%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent2 53 1 2 1 - 56,685 0.59% +0.14%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

No affiliation3 26     1   23,938 0.25%  

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Unknown 93     -   32,013 0.33%  

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Rhino/row

Rhinoceros4 <center> Cornelius I 1 - - - - 1,565 0.02% -0.06%
     Vacant 4  
Total 1,117 265 264 264 -0.4% 9,677,463 100%  
Sources: Elections Canada (http://www.elections.ca);History of Federal Ridings since 1867 (http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/about/process/house/hfer/hfer.asp?Language=E); Toronto Star, October 30, 1972

Notes:

"% change" refers to change from previous election

1 Indicates increase from total Social Credit + Ralliement creditiste seats/vote in 1968.

2 Roch LaSalle, who was elected in 1968 as a Progressive Conservative, won re-election as an independent.

3 Lucien Lamoureux who was elected as a Liberal but served as Speaker of the House, won re-election with no party affiliation.

4 The Rhinoceros Party ran a total of 12 candidates, but because it was not recognized by Elections Canada as a registered party, its candidates were listed as independents.

Results by province

Party Name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL NT YK Total

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Seats: 4 - 1 2 36 56 5 1 1 3 - - 109

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Popular Vote: 28.9 25.0 25.3 30.9 38.2 48.9 43.1 33.9 40.5 44.8 29.3 32.2 38.4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Progressive Conservative Seats: 8 19 7 8 40 2 5 10 3 4 - 1 107

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Vote: 33.0 57.6 36.9 41.6 39.1 17.4 46.8 53.4 51.9 49.0 30.9 53.0 35.0

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

New Democratic Seats: 11 - 5 3 11 - - - - - 1 - 31

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

Vote: 35.0 12.6 35.9 26.3 21.5 6.8 6.3 12.3 7.5 4.7 39.8 11.6 17.8

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Social Credit/row

Social Credit Seats: - - - - - 15 - - - -     15

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Social Credit/row

Vote: 2.6 4.5 1.8 0.7 0.4 24.3 3.2 0.3 0.1 0.2     7.6

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Seats: - - - - - 1 -     - -   1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote: 0.2 xx xx 0.1 0.2 1.7 0.3     0.4 3.1   0.6

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

No affiliation Seats: - - - - 1 -   -         1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote: xx 0.1 xx xx 0.5 0.2   xx         0.2
Total seats: 23 19 13 13 88 74 10 11 4 7 1 1 264
Parties that won no seats:

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Unknown Vote: 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.1   0.9     0.3

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Rhino/row

Rhinoceros Vote:           0.1             xx

xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote

Template:Sequence
Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools