Canadian federal election, 1988

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Map of the Popular Vote with bar graphs showing seat totals in the provinces and territories
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Map of the Popular Vote with bar graphs showing seat totals in the provinces and territories
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Elec1988.PNG
The Canadian Parliament after the 1988 election

The Canadian federal election of 1988 was held November 21, 1988, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. It was an election largely fought on a single issue: the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement.

Incumbent Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, leader of the Progressive Conservative Party, had signed the agreement. The Liberal Party, led by John Napier Turner, was opposed to the agreement, as was the New Democratic Party led by Ed Broadbent.

The Conservatives went into the election suffering from a number of scandals. Despite winning a large majority only four years before, they looked vulnerable at the outset. Infighting among the Liberals and vote splitting between the NDP and Liberals led to a second Conservative majority government, however.

The Liberals returned as the official opposition, but the lackluster campaign cost Turner his job as Liberal leader. He was replaced by Jean Chrétien in 1990.

The 1988 election was the most successful for the New Democratic Party. The party dominated in British Columbia and Saskatchewan, and also won significant support in Ontario.

The election was the last for Canada's Social Credit movement: the party won no seats, and insignificant portion of the popular vote.

The newly founded Reform Party also contested the election, but was considered little more than a fringe group, and did not win any seats.

76% of eligible voters cast a ballot.

Contents

National results

For a complete list of MPs elected in the 1988 election see 34th Canadian parliament.

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1984 Dissolution Elected % Change # % Change

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Progressive Conservative Brian Mulroney 295 211 203 169 -19.9% 5,667,543 43.02% -7.02%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal John Turner 294 40 38 83 +107.5% 4,205,072 31.92% +3.89%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

New Democratic Ed Broadbent 295 32 32 43 +34.4% 2,685,263 20.38% +1.57%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Reform/row

Reform Preston Manning 72 * * - * 275,767 2.09% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Christian Heritage/row

Christian Heritage Ed Vanwoudenberg 63 * * - * 102,533 0.78% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Rhino/row

Rhinoceros Cornelius the First 74 - - - - 52,173 0.40% -0.39%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Green/row

Green   68 - - - - 47,228 0.36% +0.14%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/CoR/row

Confederation of Regions   51 - - - - 41,342 0.31% -0.68%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Libertarian/row

Libertarian Dennis Corrigan 88 - - - - 33,135 0.25% +0.06%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/PCC/row

Commonwealth Gilles Gervais 58 - - - - 7,467 0.06% -0.21%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Communist/row

Communist George Hewison 51 - - - - 7,066 0.05% -0.01%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Social Credit/row

Social Credit Harvey Lainson 9 - - - - 3,407 0.03% -0.11%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent 55 - 4 - - 22,982 0.17% -0.01%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

No affiliation 100 - - -   24,516 0.19% -0.12%
     Vacant 5  
Total 1,573 282 282 295 +4.61% 13,175,494 100%  

Note:

"% change" refers to change from previous election

Results by province

Party Name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL NT YK Total

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Progressive Conservative Seats: 12 25 4 7 46 63 5 5 - 2 - - 169

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Popular Vote: 35.3 51.8 36.4 36.9 38.2 52.7 40.4 40.9 41.5 42.2 26.4 35.3 43.0

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Seats: 1 - - 5 43 12 5 6 4 5 2 - 83

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Vote: 20.4 13.7 18.2 36.5 38.9 30.3 45.4 46.5 49.9 45.0 41.4 11.3 31.9

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

New Democratic Seats: 19 1 10 2 10 - - - - - - 1 43

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

Vote: 37.0 17.4 44.2 21.3 20.1 14.4 9.3 11.4 7.5 12.4 28.3 51.4 20.38
Total seats 32 26 14 14 99 75 10 11 4 7 2 1 295
Parties that won no seats:

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Reform/row

Reform Vote: 4.8 15.4   3.3                 2.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Christian Heritage/row

Christian Heritage Vote:   1.1     1.4             2.0 0.8

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Rhino/row

Rhinoceros Vote:           1.2             0.4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Green/row

Green Vote:                         0.4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/CoR/row

Confederation of Regions Vote:             4.3           0.3

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Libertarian/row

Libertarian Vote:                         0.3

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/PCC/row

Commonwealth Vote:           0.2             0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Communist/row

Communist Vote:                         0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Social Credit/row

Social Credit Vote:                         xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Other Vote:                         0.4

xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote

Note: Parties that captured less than 1 percent of the vote in a province are not recorded.

</small>

Notes

La Porte, SK

10 closest ridings

1. London-Middlesex, ON: Terry Clifford (PC) def. Garnet Bloomfield (Lib) by 8 votes
2. Northumberland, ON: Christine Stewart (Lib) def. Reg Jewell (PC) by 28 votes
3. Hamilton Mountain, ON: Beth Phinney (Lib) def. Marion Dewar (NDP) by 73 votes
4. York North, ON: Maurizio Bevilacqua (Lib) def. Michael O'Brien (PC) by 77 votes
5. Rosedale, ON: David MacDonald (PC) def. Bill Graham (Lib) by 80 votes
6. London East, ON: Joe Fontana (Lib) def. Jim Jepson (PC) by 102 votes
7. Haldimand-Norfolk, ON: Bob Speller (Lib) def. Bud Bradley (PC) by 209 votes
8. Hillsborough, PEI: George Proud (Lib) def. Tom McMillan (PC) by 259 votes
9. Cariboo-Chilcotin, BC: Dave Worthy (PC) def. Jack Langford (NDP) by 269 votes
10. Vancouver Centre, BC: Kim Campbell (PC) def. Johanna Den Hertog (Lib) by 269 votes


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