Chinese constellation

From Academic Kids

Chinese constellations are different from the western constellations, due to the independent development of ancient Chinese astronomy. Ancient Chinese skywatchers divided their night sky in a different way, but there are also similarities. The Chinese counterpart of the 12 western zodiac constellations are the 28 "Xiu" (宿) or "mansions" (a literal translation).

The zodiac was divided into four regions, or four symbols (四象), with 7 Xiu in each one of them:

note: all translations of the names of the Xiu are done literally, they may not be the true and original meaning

note 2: the name following the tranlations are the approximate location of the Xiu on the western skymap

four symbols
(四象)
"Xiu" (宿)
namepinyinlit. translationvicinity in western sky
The Azure Dragon of the East
(東方青龍)
JiaoHornSpica
KangNeckVirgo
DiRootLibra
FangRoomLibra
XinHeartAntares
WeiTailScorpius
JiWinnowing-basketSagittarius
The Black Tortoise (or Xuan Wu) of the North
(北方玄武)
DouDipperSagittarius
NiuOxCapricornus
GirlAquarius
XuEmptinessAquarius
WeiRooftopAquarius/Pegasus
ShiEncampmentPegasus
BiWallPegasus
The White Tiger of the West
(西方白虎)
KuiLegsAndromeda
LouBondAries
WeiStomachAries
MaoHairy headPleiades
BiNetTaurus
ZiTurtle beakOrion
ShenThree starsOrion
The Vermillion Bird of the South
(南方朱雀)
JingWellGemini
GuiGhostsCancer
LiuWillowHydra
XingStarAlphard
ZhangExtended netCrater
YiWingsCorvus
ZhenChariotCorvus

See also

External links

it:Costellazioni cinesi ja:二十八宿 pt:Constelaes chinesas vi:Chm sao Trung quốc cổ đại zh:二十八宿

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