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Copalibertadores.JPG
Copa Libertadores Logo
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Copalibertadorescopa.JPG
Libertadores Cup

The Copa Libertadores de América ("Liberators of the Americas Cup") is an international football cup competition played annually by the top clubs of South America. In recent years, top clubs from Mexico have also competed.

Contents

Qualification

The competition is organized and run annually in a similar manner to the UEFA Champions League in Europe. The Copa Libertadores has a preliminary round in which a number of clubs, currently 12, are paired in a series of two-legged knockout ties. The six survivors join the remaining clubs in the first round, in which they are divided into groups of four. The first-round groups play in a league system, with each team playing home-and-home against each other team. The top two teams from each group are then drawn in the second round, which consists of a two-legged knockout tie. From that point, the competition proceeds with two-legged knockout ties to quarterfinals, semifinals, and the final. Between 1960 and 1979 the previous winners did not enter the competition until the semi-final stage, making it much easier to retain the cup.

In its early years, only the national champions of the major nations took part, but the vice-champions were allowed in the 1970s. The competition was later extended to 24, 32, 36, and now 38 teams. The 2005 edition will have the competitors distributed this way:

The lowest-ranked team from each country, plus the second lowest-ranked team from the nation of the previous year's champion, will enter the preliminary round, with the winners joining the other 26 teams in the main draw.

Rules

Note that unlike European club competitions, the Copa Libertadores historically did not use extra time or away goals to decide a tie that was level on aggregate. From 1960 to 1987, two-legged ties were decided on points, without taking goal difference into consideration. If both teams were level on points after two legs, a third match would be played at a neutral site. Goal difference would only come into play if the third match was drawn. If the third match did not produce an immediate winner, either by a clear win or by goal difference, a penalty shootout was used to determine a winner. From 1988 through 2004, ties were decided on aggregate goals, with an immediate penalty shootout if the tie was level on aggregate after full time of the second leg. Several times, the event would have had a different champion if it followed European rules. For example, the 2004 champions, Colombian club Once Caldas, would have exited the competition in the second round if the away goals rule had been used, and would also have lost the final on away goals.

For the 2005 event, CONMEBOL finally began to use the away goals rule, but still does not employ extra time. Two ties in the preliminary round were decided on away goals.

History

The first cup was competed for in 1960 and was won by Club Atlético Peñarol of Uruguay. As of 2004, 20 different teams have won the cup. The most successful club has been the Argentinian side Club Atlético Independiente, winners seven times including four in a row from 1972 to 1975.

Brazilians complain that especially in the early years the referees were often biased against the Brazilian teams and the rules were often obscure or unfair. Argentine answer to this remarking that the Brazilian teams were often uninterested in playing abroad. However, it is remarkable that Argentina and Uruguay are so superior to Brazil in Olympic and regional competitions such as the Copa América and the Copa Libertadores, while they are clearly surpassed in the most important event, the FIFA World Cup.

Over the years the competition has kept alive a healthy sport rivalry between the competing countries, especially between Brazil and Argentina, Argentina and Uruguay, Uruguay and Brazil, and Bolivia and Chile. Unfortunately episodes of violence are not rare and the pressure for players on the field is tremendous.

Since 1998, the Copa Libertadores is sponsored by the Toyota Motor Corporation, and that is why since then the name Copa Toyota Libertadores is also used.

Champions

Year Final Semifinalists
Winner Score Runner-up
1960
Details
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PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
1 - 0
1 - 1
2 - 1
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Olimpia_asuncion.GIF



Olimpia
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SanLorenzoShield.GIF



San Lorenzo
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Millionarios.GIF



Millonarios
1961
Details
Missing image
PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
1 - 0
1 - 1
2 - 1
Missing image
Palmeiras_Symbol.png



Palmeiras
Missing image
Olimpia_asuncion.GIF



Olimpia
Missing image
Independiente_santa_fe_cd.GIF



Independiente de Santa Fe
1962
Details
Missing image
SantosBrazilLogo.GIF



Santos F.C.
1 - 2
3 - 2
3 - 0
Missing image
PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
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Universidad_catolica_football.png



Universidad Católica
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Escudo_ch.jpg



Nacional de Montevideo
1963
Details
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SantosBrazilLogo.GIF



Santos F.C.
3 - 2
2 - 1
5 - 3

Boca Juniors
Missing image
Botafogo_football.png



Botafogo
Missing image
PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
1964
Details
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CAIndependienteLogo.GIF



Independiente
0 - 0
1 - 0
1 - 0
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Escudo_ch.jpg



Nacional de Montevideo
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SantosBrazilLogo.GIF



Santos F.C.
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Colocolo.jpg



Colo-Colo
1965
Details
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CAIndependienteLogo.GIF



Independiente
1 - 0
1 - 3
4 - 1
Missing image
PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
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SantosBrazilLogo.GIF



Santos F.C.

Boca Juniors
1966
Details
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PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
2 - 0
2 - 3
4 - 2
Missing image
River_Plate_logo.png



River Plate
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CAIndependienteLogo.GIF



Independiente
Missing image
Universidad_catolica_football.png



Universidad Católica
1967
Details
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Racing_Club_de_Avellaneda.GIF



Racing Club
0 - 0
0 - 0
2 - 1
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Escudo_ch.jpg



Nacional de Montevideo
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Universitario_Lima_logo.gif



Universitario
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Times_logo_cruzeiro_grande.gif



Cruzeiro
1968
Details
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Estudiantes_de_La_Plata_logo.png



Estudiantes L.P.
2 - 1
1 - 3
2 - 0
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Palmeiras_Symbol.png



Palmeiras
Missing image
PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
Missing image
Racing_Club_de_Avellaneda.GIF



Racing Club
1969
Details
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Estudiantes_de_La_Plata_logo.png



Estudiantes L.P.
1 - 0
2 - 0
3 - 0
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Escudo_ch.jpg



Nacional de Montevideo
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PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
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Universidad_catolica_football.png



Universidad Católica
1970
Details
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Estudiantes_de_La_Plata_logo.png



Estudiantes L.P.
1 - 0
0 - 0
1 - 0
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PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
Missing image
Universidad_de_chile_football.png



Universidad de Chile
Missing image
River_Plate_logo.png



River Plate
1971
Details
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Escudo_ch.jpg



Nacional de Montevideo
1 - 0
0 - 1
2 - 0
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Estudiantes_de_La_Plata_logo.png



Estudiantes L.P.
Missing image
Palmeiras_Symbol.png



Palmeiras
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Barcelona_SC_logo.gif



Barcelona (Guayaquil)
1972
Details
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CAIndependienteLogo.GIF



Independiente
0 - 0
2 - 1
2 - 1
Missing image
Universitario_Lima_logo.gif



Universitario
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Escudo_ch.jpg



Nacional de Montevideo
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Sao_Paulo_(Soccer)_Shield.gif



São Paulo
1973
Details
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CAIndependienteLogo.GIF



Independiente
1 - 1
0 - 0
2 - 1
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Colocolo.jpg



Colo-Colo
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SanLorenzoShield.GIF



San Lorenzo
Missing image
Cerro_porteno.GIF



Cerro Porteño
1974
Details
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CAIndependienteLogo.GIF



Independiente
1 - 2
2 - 0
1 - 0
Missing image
Sao_Paulo_(Soccer)_Shield.gif



São Paulo
Missing image
PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
Missing image
Millionarios.GIF



Millonarios
1975
Details
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CAIndependienteLogo.GIF



Independiente
0 - 1
3 - 1
2 - 0

Unión Española
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Escudocentral.jpg



Rosario Central
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Universitario_Lima_logo.gif



Universitario
1976
Details
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Times_logo_cruzeiro_grande.gif



Cruzeiro
4 - 1
1 - 2
3 - 2
Missing image
River_Plate_logo.png



River Plate
Missing image
Ldu_quito.GIF



LDU Quito
Missing image
CAIndependienteLogo.GIF



Independiente
1977
Details

Boca Juniors
1 - 0
0 - 1
0 - 0
(penalties 5-4)
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Times_logo_cruzeiro_grande.gif



Cruzeiro
Missing image
Dep_cali2.GIF



Deportivo Cali
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SC_internacional.GIF



Internacional (Porto Alegre)
1978
Details

Boca Juniors
0 - 0
4 - 0
4 - 0
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Dep_cali2.GIF



Deportivo Cali
Missing image
River_Plate_logo.png



River Plate
Missing image
Cerro_porteno.GIF



Cerro Porteño
1979
Details
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Olimpia_asuncion.GIF



Olimpia
2 - 0
0 - 0
2 - 0

Boca Juniors
Missing image
CAIndependienteLogo.GIF



Independiente
Missing image
Guarani4.GIF



Guarani
1980
Details
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Escudo_ch.jpg



Nacional de Montevideo
2 - 0
0 - 0
2 - 0
Missing image
SC_internacional.GIF



Internacional (Porto Alegre)
Missing image
Olimpia_asuncion.GIF



Olimpia
Missing image
America_de_Cali.GIF



America de Cali
1981
Details
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Flamengo_logo_football.png



Flamengo
2 - 1
0 - 1
2 - 0
Missing image
Cobreloa.GIF



Cobreloa
Missing image
Dep_cali2.GIF



Deportivo Cali
Missing image
Escudo_ch.jpg



Nacional de Montevideo
1982
Details
Missing image
PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
0 - 0
1 - 0
1 - 0
Missing image
Cobreloa.GIF



Cobreloa
Missing image
Flamengo_logo_football.png



Flamengo
Missing image
Olimpia_asuncion.GIF



Olimpia
1983
Details
Missing image
Gremio_foot_ball_porto_alegrense.gif



Grêmio
1 - 1
2 - 1
3 - 2
Missing image
PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
Missing image
Escudo_ch.jpg



Nacional de Montevideo
Missing image
Estudiantes_de_La_Plata_logo.png



Estudiantes L.P.
1984
Details
Missing image
CAIndependienteLogo.GIF



Independiente
1 - 0
0 - 0
1 - 0
Missing image
Gremio_foot_ball_porto_alegrense.gif



Grêmio
Missing image
Escudo_ch.jpg



Nacional de Montevideo
Missing image
Flamengo_logo_football.png



Flamengo
1985
Details
Missing image
Argentinos_juniors.GIF



Argentinos Juniors
1 - 0
0 - 1
1 - 1
(penalties 5-4)
Missing image
America_de_Cali.GIF



America de Cali
Missing image
El_nacional_quito.GIF



El Nacional
Missing image
CAIndependienteLogo.GIF



Independiente
1986
Details
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River_Plate_logo.png



River Plate
2 - 1
1 - 0
3 - 1
Missing image
America_de_Cali.GIF



America de Cali
Missing image
Argentinos_juniors.GIF



Argentinos Juniors
Missing image
Olimpia_asuncion.GIF



Olimpia
1987
Details
Missing image
PenarolLogo.GIF



Peñarol
0 - 2
2 - 1
2 - 0
Missing image
America_de_Cali.GIF



America de Cali
Missing image
Cobreloa.GIF



Cobreloa
Missing image
River_Plate_logo.png



River Plate
1988
Details
Missing image
Escudo_ch.jpg



Nacional de Montevideo
0 - 1
3 - 0
Agg: 3 - 1
Missing image
NewellsOldBoysShield.GIF



Newell's Old Boys
Missing image
America_de_Cali.GIF



America de Cali
Missing image
SanLorenzoShield.GIF



San Lorenzo
1989
Details
Missing image
AtleticoNacionalMedellinLogo.GIF



Atlético Nacional
2 - 0
0 - 2
Agg: 2 - 2
(penalties 5-4)
Missing image
Olimpia_asuncion.GIF



Olimpia
Missing image
Danubio_logo.jpg



Danubio
Missing image
SC_internacional.GIF



Internacional (Porto Alegre)
1990
Details
Missing image
Olimpia_asuncion.GIF



Olimpia
2 - 0
1 - 1
Agg: 3 - 1
Missing image
Barcelona_SC_logo.gif



Barcelona (Guayaquil)
Missing image
River_Plate_logo.png



River Plate
Missing image
AtleticoNacionalMedellinLogo.GIF



Atlético Nacional
1991
Details
Missing image
Colocolo.jpg



Colo-Colo
0 - 0
3 - 0
Agg: 3 - 0
Missing image
Olimpia_asuncion.GIF



Olimpia
Missing image
AtleticoNacionalMedellinLogo.GIF



Atlético Nacional

Boca Juniors
1992
Details
Missing image
Sao_Paulo_(Soccer)_Shield.gif



São Paulo
1 - 0
0 - 1
Agg: 1 - 1
(penalties 3-2)
Missing image
NewellsOldBoysShield.GIF



Newell's Old Boys
Missing image
America_de_Cali.GIF



America de Cali
Missing image
Barcelona_SC_logo.gif



Barcelona (Guayaquil)
1993
Details
Missing image
Sao_Paulo_(Soccer)_Shield.gif



São Paulo
5 - 1
0 - 2
Agg: 5 - 3
Missing image
Universidad_catolica_football.png



Universidad Católica
Missing image
America_de_Cali.GIF



America de Cali
Missing image
Cerro_porteno.GIF



Cerro Porteño
1994
Details
Missing image
Sarsfield.GIF



Vélez Sársfield
0 - 1
1 - 0
Agg: 1 - 1
(penalties 5-3)
Missing image
Sao_Paulo_(Soccer)_Shield.gif



São Paulo
Missing image
Junior.GIF



Atlético Junior
Missing image
Olimpia_asuncion.GIF



Olimpia
1995
Details
Missing image
Gremio_foot_ball_porto_alegrense.gif



Grêmio
3 - 1
1 - 1
Agg: 4 - 2
Missing image
AtleticoNacionalMedellinLogo.GIF



Atlético Nacional
Missing image
River_Plate_logo.png



River Plate
Missing image
Emelec.GIF



Emelec
1996
Details
Missing image
River_Plate_logo.png



River Plate
0 - 1
2 - 0
Agg: 2 - 1
Missing image
America_de_Cali.GIF



America de Cali
Missing image
Gremio_foot_ball_porto_alegrense.gif



Grêmio
Missing image
Universidad_de_chile_football.png



Universidad de Chile
1997
Details
Missing image
Times_logo_cruzeiro_grande.gif



Cruzeiro
2 - 0
2 - 1
Agg: 4 - 1
Missing image
Sporting_Cristal_logo.gif



Sporting Cristal
Missing image
Colocolo.jpg



Colo-Colo
Missing image
Racing_Club_de_Avellaneda.GIF



Racing Club
1998
Details
Missing image
VascoDaGamaSoccerLogo.GIF



Vasco da Gama
2 - 0
2 - 1
Agg: 4 - 1
Missing image
Barcelona_SC_logo.gif



Barcelona (Guayaquil)
Missing image
Cerro_porteno.GIF



Cerro Porteño
Missing image
River_Plate_logo.png



River Plate
1999
Details
Missing image
Palmeiras_Symbol.png



Palmeiras
0 - 1
2 - 1
Agg: 2 - 2
(penalties 4-3)
Missing image
Dep_cali2.GIF



Deportivo Cali
Missing image
River_Plate_logo.png



River Plate
Missing image
Cerro_porteno.GIF



Cerro Porteño
2000
Details

Boca Juniors
2 - 2
0 - 0
Agg: 2 - 2
(penalties 4-3)
Missing image
Palmeiras_Symbol.png



Palmeiras

Corinthians
Missing image
ClubAmericaLogo.GIF



Club América
2001
Details

Boca Juniors
1 - 0
0 - 1
Agg: 1 - 1
(penalties 3-1)
Missing image
Cruz_Azul_logo.gif



Cruz Azul
Missing image
Palmeiras_Symbol.png



Palmeiras
Missing image
Escudocentral.jpg



Rosario Central
2002
Details
Missing image
Olimpia_asuncion.GIF



Olimpia
0 - 1
2 - 1
Agg: 2 - 2
(penalties 4-2)
Missing image
São_Caetano2.gif



São Caetano
Missing image
ClubAmericaLogo.GIF



Club América
Missing image
Gremio_foot_ball_porto_alegrense.gif



Grêmio
2003
Details

Boca Juniors
2 - 0
3 - 1
Agg: 5 - 1
Missing image
SantosBrazilLogo.GIF



Santos F.C.
Missing image
Dep_ind_medellin.GIF



Independiente Medellín
Missing image
America_de_Cali.GIF



America de Cali
2004
Details
Missing image
Once_caldas.GIF



Once Caldas
0 - 0
1 - 1
Agg: 1 - 1
(penalties 2-0)

Boca Juniors
Missing image
River_Plate_logo.png



River Plate
Missing image
Sao_Paulo_(Soccer)_Shield.gif



São Paulo
2005
Details

Championships by team

7 times

5 times

3 times

2 times

1 time

Championships by Country

es:Copa Libertadores de América fr:Copa Libertadores it:Coppa Libertadores (calcio) nl:Copa Libertadores ja:コパ・リベルタドーレス pl:Copa Libertadores w piłce nożnej pt:Taça Libertadores da América

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