Cyperaceae

From Academic Kids

Sedge family
Missing image
Pycreus.jpg
Flower head of Cyperus polystachyos


Cyperus polystachyos flower head
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Liliopsida
Order:Poales
Family:Cyperaceae
Genera

See text

The Family Cyperaceae, or the Sedge family, is a taxon of monocot flowering plants that superficially resemble grasses or rushes. The family is large, with some 4,000 species described in about 70 genera. These species are widely distributed, with the centers of diversity for the group occurring in tropical Asia and tropical South America. While sedges may be found growing in all kinds of situations, they tend to be associated with wet places and poor soils.

Some well-known sedges are the Chinese water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis) and papyrus (Cyperus papyrus). Ancient Egyptian writing material was made out of the latter. This family also includes cotton-grass (Eriophorum), spike-rush (Eleocharis), sawgrass (Cladium), nutsedge or nutgrass (Cyperus, a common lawn weed), and White Star Sedge (Rhynchospora colorata).

Genera

Missing image
450px-Eriophorum_latifolium1.jpg
Broad-leaved Cotton-grass (Eriophorum latifolium)

de:Sauergrser es:Cyperaceae eo:Ciperacoj fr:Cyperaceae it:Cyperaceae ja:カヤツリグサ科 lt:Viksvuoliniai nl:Cypergrassenfamilie no:Halvgrasfamilien

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