Dai people

From Academic Kids

The Dai is the officially recognized name of an ethnic group living in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan Province of China), and also in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar. The Dai people form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China.

Although they are officially recognized as a single people by the Chinese state, the Dai people form several distinct cultural and linguistic groups. The two main languages of the Dai are Tai L (Xishuangbanna Dai) and Tai Na (Dehong Dai); two other written languages used by the Dai in China are Tai Pong and Tai Dam (Black Tai). They all are Tai languages, a group of related languages that includes Thai, Lao, and Zhuang, and part of the Tai-Kadai language family. The Dai peoples follow their traditional religion and Theravada Buddhism, and maintain similar customs and festivals to the other Tai-speaking peoples.

Dai people are typically farmers, growing a variety of tropical crops such as pineapples, in addition to the staple crop of rice. Many Dai people live near the Mekong river where it meanders through the far south of Yunnan.

Dai groups and names

Chinese Pinyin Tai L Tai Na Thai Conventional Area
傣仂
(西双版纳傣)
Dǎil
(Xīshuāngbǎnn Dǎi)
tai51 lɯː11 Tai L, Tai Lue Xishuangbanna
傣那
(德宏傣)
Dǎin
(Dhng Dǎi)
tai51 nəː55 tai le6 tai nɯa5 Tai Na, Northern Tai, Upper Tai, Chinese Shan Dehong; Myanmar
傣担 Dǎidān tai51 dam55 Black Tai; Tai Lam, Lao Song Dam (lit. "Lao [wearing] black trousers"), Tai Muan, Tai Tang, Tai Tan Jinping 金平; Laos, Thailand
傣绷 Dǎibēng tai51 pɔːŋ66 Ruili 瑞丽, Gengma 耿马, along the Mekong
傣端 Dǎiduān tai51 doːn55 White Tai Jinping 金平
傣雅 Dǎiyǎ tai51 jaː35 Xinping 新平, Yuanjiang 元江
傣友 Dǎiyǒu tai51 jiu11 Yuanyang 元阳, along the Red River


Chinese ethnic groups (classification by PRC government)

Achang - Bai - Blang - Bonan - Buyei - Chosen - Dai - Daur - De'ang - Derung - Dong - Dongxiang - Ewenki - Gaoshan - Gelao - Gin - Han - Hani - Hezhen - Hui - Jingpo - Jino - Kazak - Kirgiz - Lahu - Lhoba - Li - Lisu - Man - Maonan - Miao - Monba - Mongol - Mulao - Naxi - Nu - Oroqen - Pumi - Qiang - Russ - Salar - She - Sui - Tajik - Tatar - Tu - Tujia - Uygur - Uzbek - Va - Xibe - Yao - Yi - Yugur - Zang - Zhuang

zh-cn:傣族
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