Demographics of Switzerland

From Academic Kids

Switzerland sits at the crossroads of several major European cultures, which have heavily influenced the country's languages and cultural practices. Switzerland has four official languages: German, French, Italian, and Romansh . The German spoken here is predominantly a Swiss dialect, but newspapers and some broadcasts use High German as used in Germany. Many Swiss speak more than one language. English is widely known, especially among professionals.

More than 75% of the population live in the central plain, which stretches between the Alps and the Jura Mountains and from Geneva in the southwest to the Rhine River and Lake Constance in the northeast. Resident foreigners and temporary foreign workers make up about 20% of the population.

Almost all Swiss are literate. Switzerland's 13 institutes of higher learning enrolled 99,600 students in the academic year of 2001-02. About 25% of the adult population hold a diploma of higher learning.

The constitution guarantees freedom of worship and the different religious communities co-exist peacefully.

Switzerland consistently ranks high on quality of life indices, including per capita income, concentration of computer and internet usage per capita, insurance coverage per individual, and health care rates. For these and many other reasons, such as the four languages, it serves as an excellent test market for businesses hoping to introduce new products into Europe.


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Switzerland-demography.png
Evolution of the population of Switzerland 1961-2003. Data from FAO 2005; number of inhabitants in thousands.
Contents

Population

7,261,200 (2001 est.)


Age structure

0-14 years:17% (male 637,782; female 605,626)
15-64 years:68% (male 2,498,540; female 2,421,802)
65 years and over:15% (male 444,627; female 653,995)

Data (2000 est.)

Population growth rate

0.3% (2000 est.)

Birth rate

10.4 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate

8.75 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate

1.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth:1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years:1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years:1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over:0.68 male(s)/female
total population:0.97 male(s)/female

Data: (2000 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

4.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population:79.6 years
male:76.73 years
female:82.63 years

Data: (2000 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.47 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Nationality

noun: Swiss (singular and plural); adjective: Swiss

Religions

Roman Catholic 46.1%, Protestant 40%, other 5%, none 8.9% (1990)

Languages

The languages of Switzerland: German (yellow), French (purple), Italian (green), and Romansh (red).
Enlarge
The languages of Switzerland: German (yellow), French (purple), Italian (green), and Romansh (red).

German (64%), French (19%), Italian (8%), Romansh (less than 1%)

English is also learnt, as required by the education policy, although it's not official.

Literacy

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write

Total population: 99% (1980 est.) (no separate numbers for sexes)

See also : Switzerland

bg:Население на Швейцария fr:Population de la Suisse pt:Demografia da Sua

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