Eau de Cologne

From Academic Kids

Eau de Cologne (French for "water of Cologne"), or "cologne" for short, is a type of perfume.

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Contents

Definition

solution of etheric oils in diluted ethanol (80-90%), containing 4-8% of perfume oils in the original Eau de Cologne by Johann Maria Farina (1685-1766), while the so-called perfumed Eau de Cologne contains 2-4%. EdC contains a mixture of citrus oils from lemon, orange, tangerine, bergamot, lime and grapefruit. Besides this, it can contain lavender, Neroli, rosemary, thyme, Petitgrain and jasmine oil. Eau de Toilette (EdT) and Eau de Parfum are to be distinguished from EdC through a higher percentage of perfume oils (4-7% and 7-12%).

History

At the beginning of the 18th century, Johann Maria Farina, the Italian perfumer (1685-1766), created a new fragrance which he named Eau de Cologne. This fragrance was something very new in contrast to the sultry, sweet fragrances in use at the time. With his Eau de Cologne Johann Maria Farina made Cologne world famous as a city of perfume in the 18th century. The people of Cologne honoured their celebrated citizen with a statue on the Town Hall, where you can still see it today. Today Eau de Cologne is known world-wide as a synonym for a light fragrance.

Literature

Abt.33, Foundation Rhine-Westphalia Buisiness Archives (RWWA); Kölnisches Stadtmuseum, Köln; Hugo Janistyn: Riechstoffe, Seifen, Kosmetika, Heidelberg (1950); Gildemeister/ Hoffmann: Die ätherischen Öle Band. 1, 2. Aufl. (1897); Prof. R. Amelunxen: Das Kölner Ereignis, Ruhrländische Verlagsgesellschaft, Essen (1952); S. Sabetay: Les Eaux de Cologne Parfumée, Sta. Maria Maggiore Symposium (1960); F.V. Wells: Variations on the Eau de Cologne Theme, Sta. Maria Maggiore Symposium (1960); G.Fenaroli e L.Maggesi: Rivista Italiana delle Ess. e Prof. (1960); Francesco La Face: Le materie prime per l´acqua di colonia, Relazione al Congresso di S.Maria Maggiore (1960); F.V. Wells: Perfumery Technology, p.25, p.278, John Wiley & Sons, London (1975) ; Dr. Werner Schäfke: OH! DE COLOGNE, Wienand Verlag, Köln (1985); Dr. Bernd Ernsting u. Dr. Ulrich Krings: Der Ratsturm, S.506 + 507 ff, J.P. Bachem Verlag, Köln (1996);

Also

  • Eau de Cologne is called "Kölnisch Wasser" in German.
  • Eau de Cologne is also connected with the number 4711.de:Kölnisch Wasser

eo:Kölnwasser es:Aqua de Colonia fr:Eau de Cologne it:acqua di Colonia no:Eau de cologne pl:Woda kolońska

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