Environmental disaster

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(Redirected from Environmental degradation)

An environmental disaster may be due to a natural event or due to human activity.

The impact of humans alteration of the ecosystem that has widespread or long lasting consequences. It can involve mass-killing of animals (including humans) and plant systems, or severe disruption of human life requiring mass migration.

Of course 'negative' is a relative term. Some might view for example the Three Gorges Dam as an environmental disaster, requiring the migration of 1 million people. Others might see it as beneficial to stop flooding. Some might see the destruction of most of the North American forests as beneficial, as it cleared land for farming and other uses. In Ireland, the clearing of forest led to the formation of bogs, which some people like for their beauty, as well as their products such as peat moss. Others might see these deforestations as negative.

A more cynical example would be, for example, that Saddam Hussein felt it was beneficial to get rid of the Madan people by draining the Al-Hawizeh marsh because they had joined the United States in the first Gulf War. Another example is the depopulation of the American Bison. It was thought by General William Sherman and others to be a good way to get rid of the American Indians living in the Great Plains, and would make way for the exploding population of the United States of America to take over the area.

Some disasters can be averted before they have drastic consequences, as is the case with the hole in the ozone layer caused by CFCs, which were subsequently subjected to a near-total ban by various world governments.

Natural environmental disasters

The list would be numerous but would include:

See also: List of past tsunamis


Human induced environmental disasters

This could include the following:

See also

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