Epiglottis

From Academic Kids

The epiglottis is a cartilaginous structure of ground-dwelling vertebrates at the back of the throat, covered with mucous membrane. It is connected by ligaments to other structures of the larynx.

The epiglottis in humans

When one swallows, the epiglottis pivots to cover the glottis (the opening to the trachea), preventing food or liquids from entering the lungs.

In children, the epiglottis will occasionally become infected with hemophilus influenza, staphylococcus aureus, or streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. Although easily treated, this condition is a medical emergency because without treatment the epiglottis may swell and block the trachea, causing asphyxia and death. This condition has become rare in countries where vaccination against hemophilus influenza (HIB) is routine.

Template:Anatomy-stubfr:épiglotte eo:epigloto

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