Black Grouse

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(Redirected from Eurasian Black Grouse)
Black Grouse
Missing image
Tetrao_tetrix_from_ja.jpg



Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Galliformes
Family:Tetraonidae
Genus:Tetrao
Species:T. tetrix
Binomial name
Tetrao tetrix
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Black Grouse (Tetrao tetrix) is a large bird in the grouse family. It is a sedentary species, breeding across northern Eurasia in moorland and bogs with some trees. The Black Grouse is closely related to the Caucasian Black Grouse. These birds have a group display or lek in early spring.

As with many Gamebirds, the male is larger than the female at 49-55 cm compared to her 40-45 cm length. The cock is very distinctive, with black plumage, apart from red eyebrows and a white wingbar, and a lyre-shaped tail, which appears forked in flight. His song is loud, bubbling and somewhat dove-like.

The female is greyish-brown and has a cackling call. She takes all responsibility for nesting and caring for the chicks, as is typical with gamebirds.

Conservation

This species is declining in western Europe due to loss of habitat.

A programme to re-introduce Black Grouse into the wild started in 2003 in the Derwent Valley area of the Peak District in England. 30 grouse were released in October 2003, followed by 10 male grouse in December 2004 and a further 10 male and 10 female in April 2005. The programme is being run jointly by the National Trust, Severn Trent Water and Peak District National Park.be:Цецярук de:Birkhuhn ja:クロライチョウ lt:Tetervinas nl:Korhoen pl:Cietrzew fi:Teeri sv:Orre

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