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(Redirected from Foehn winds)

A fhn wind or foehn wind occurs when a deep layer of prevailing wind is forced over a mountain range. As the wind moves upslope, it expands and cools, causing water vapor to precipitate out. This dehydrated air then passes over the crest and begins to move downslope. As the wind descends to lower levels on the leeward side of the mountains, the air heats as it comes under greater atmospheric pressure creating strong, gusty, warm and dry winds. Fhn winds can raise temperatures as much as 30C (50F) in just a matter of hours. Winds of this type are called "snow-eaters" for their ability to make snow melt rapidly. This ability is based on not only the high temperature, but also the low relative humidity of the air mass.

The name "fhn" (from the German Fhn, roughly pronounced "fern") originated in the Alps, and central Europe enjoys a warmer climate due to them. AEG registered the trademark "Fn" in the 1920s for its hairdryer, which is widely used as a synonym in the German language. Regionally, these winds are known by many different names. These include:

See also

External links

de:Fhn et:Fn it:Foehn ja:フェーン現象 nl:Fhn (wind) pl:Fen uk:Фен

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