Geography of Switzerland

From Academic Kids

Missing image
Switzerland_composite_NASA.jpg
Composite satellite image of Switzerland. Clearly visible are the Alps, Lake Constance and Lake Geneva.

Geography of Switzerland

Location: Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy, south of Germany

Geographic coordinates: Template:Coor dm

Map references: Europe

Area:

Land boundaries:

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers

Terrain: mostly mountains (Alps in south, Jura in northwest) with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes

Elevation extremes:

Natural resources: hydropower potential, timber, salt

Land use:

  • arable land: 10%
  • permanent crops: 2%
  • permanent pastures: 28%
  • forests and woodland:32%
  • other:28% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 250 km (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: avalanches, landslides, flash floods

Environment - current issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions and open-air burning; acid rain; water pollution from increased use of agricultural fertilizers; loss of biodiversity

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea

Geography - note: landlocked; crossroads of northern and southern Europe; along with southeastern France and northern Italy, contains the highest elevations in Europe

Overview

Missing image
Map-of-Switzerland.png
Overview map of Switzerland

Topography

Geographic map of Switzerland (very old, )
Enlarge
Geographic map of Switzerland (very old, 1907)


See also : Rivers of Switzerland, List of lakes of Switzerland, List of islands of Switzerland

bg:Природа на Швейцария fr:Gographie de la Suisse he:גאוגרפיה של שוויץ lt:Šveicarijos geografija pt:Geografia da Sua

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