Hackberry

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Hackberry
Missing image
Southern_Hackberry.jpg



Southern Hackberry or 'Sugarberry'
Celtis laevigata
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Rosales
Family:Cannabaceae
Genus:Celtis
Species

About 60-70 species including:
Celtis australis - European Hackberry
Celtis bungeana Bunge's Hackberry
Celtis caucasica - Caucasian Hackberry
Celtis labilis - Hubei Hackberry
Celtis koraiensis - Korean Hackberry
Celtis jessoensis - Japanese Hackberry
Celtis laevigata - Southern Hackberry
Celtis occidentalis - Common hackberry
Celtis reticulata - Netleaf hackberry
Celtis sinensis - Chinese Hackberry
Celtis tenuifolia - Georgia Hackberry

Hackberry Celtis is a genus of about 60-70 species of deciduous trees widespread in warm temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, in southern Europe, southern and eastern Asia, and southern and central North America. They are generally medium-sized trees, reaching 10-25 m tall, rarely up to 40 m tall.

Previously included either in the elm family Ulmaceae or their own family the Celtidaceae, genetic analysis by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group has shown they are best placed in the hemp family Cannabaceae.

The leaves are alternate, simple, 3-15 cm long, ovate-acuminate with a long pointed tip, and evenly serrated margins.

The fruit is a small drupe 6-10 mm diameter, edible in many species, with a dryish but sweet, sugary consistency, reminiscent of a date.

Missing image
Illustration_Celtis_australis0.jpg
European Hackberry (Celtis australis) from Thomé, Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz (1885)
fr:micocoulier
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