Hawthorn

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Hawthorn
Missing image
Common_hawthorn.jpg
Common hawthorn


Common Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Rosales
Family:Rosaceae
Family:Maloideae
Genus:Crataegus
Species

See text.

Hawthorn is the name of a large group of shrubs and small trees in the genus Crataegus, family Rosaceae, characterized by their small, apple-like fruits and thorny branches. The fruits are sometimes known as 'haws', from which the name derived. The original name was applied to the species native to northern Europe, especially the Common Hawthorn, C. monogyna, but is now applied to the entire genus. They are native to the temperate northern hemisphere. The number of species in the group may extend to a thousand or more, though some botanists would reduce the number of species considerably.

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Crataegusmonogyna1web.jpg
Common Hawthorn (close up of flowers)

Hawthorns provide food and shelter for many species of birds and mammals, and the flowers are important for many nectar-feeding insects. The leaves are sometimes eaten by the larvae of a large number of Lepidoptera species including Emperor Moth, Buff Arches, Common Emerald, Common Marbled Carpet, November Moth, Pale November Moth, Mottled Pug, Common Pug, Green Pug, Brimstone Moth, Scalloped Hazel, Swallow-tailed Moth, Feathered Thorn, Dotted Border, Mottled Umber, Willow Beauty, Mottled Beauty, Light Emerald, Coxcomb Prominent, Brown-tail, Yellow-tail, Short-cloaked Moth, Lesser Yellow Underwing, Lesser Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing, Ingrailed Clay and Double Square-spot.

In Celtic lore, the hawthorn plant was used commonly for rune inscriptions along with Yew and Apple. It was once said to heal the broken heart.

Many species and hybrids are used as ornamental and street trees. The Common Hawthorn is extensively used in Europe as a hedge plant. Several cultivars of the Midland Hawthorn C. laevigata have been selected for their pink or red flowers. Hawthorns are among the trees most recommended for water-conservation landscapes.

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Common_hawthorn_flowers.jpg
The flowers of Common Hawthorn (C. monogyna)
Missing image
Crataegus_laevigata_x_monogyna_Blossom.jpg
Spring blossom of the probable hybrid C.laevigata x monogyna

Species

The species include the following;

External links

be:Глог da:Tjrn (Crataegus) de:Weidorn fr:Aubpine officinale nl:Meidoorn

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