Hildburghausen (district)

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Template:Infobox German district noregbez Hildburghausen is a district in Thuringia, Germany. It is bounded by (from the west and clockwise) the district of Schmalkalden-Meiningen, the city of Suhl, the districts of Ilm-Kreis, Saalfeld-Rudolstadt and Sonneberg, and the state of Bavaria (districts of Coburg, Haßberge and Rhön-Grabfeld).

Contents

History

Despite its tiny territory this was an autonomous duchy from 1680 to 1826; in 1684 the capital was moved from Heldburg to Hildburghausen, and the mini state became known as Saxe-Hildburghausen. The dukes built a palace, a French-style park and other pompous buildings in Hildburghausen.

In 1810 a princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Therese, was married to king Ludwig I of Bavaria; this event is the (almost forgotten) reason for the Oktoberfest, held annually in Munich.

In 1826 the states of Thuringia were reorganised: the last ruler of Saxe-Altenburg died without an heir; the duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen became his successor, but he had to cease his own realm to Saxe-Meiningen.

In 1868 four districts were established in the duchy of Saxe-Meiningen. Hildburghausen was one of these districts, and roughly identical to the former duchy. It remained almost unchanged until 1993, when the former district of Suhl was dissolved and most of its municipalities joined the district.

Geography

The district is located roughly half way between the mountain chains of the Rhön and the Thuringian Forest. It is densely forested and covered by hilly countryside.

Coat of arms

Coat of arms The coat of arms displays:
  • the heraldic lion of Meißen (Meißen was the precursor state of Saxony)
  • the cock representing the counts of Henneberg, who ruled the region in the 16th century
  • below the symbol of the bishopric of Würzburg is displayed

Towns and municipalities

Towns Verwaltungsgemeinschaften Free municipalities
  1. Bad Colberg-Heldburg
  2. Eisfeld
  3. Hildburghausen
  4. Römhild
  5. Schleusingen
  6. Themar
  7. Ummerstadt
  1. Feldstein
  2. Gleichberge
  3. Heldburger Unterland
  1. Auengrund
  2. Bockstadt
  3. Gleichamberg
  4. Masserberg
  5. Nahetal-Waldau
  6. Sachsenbrunn
  7. Sankt Kilian
  8. Schleusegrund
  9. Straufhain
  10. Veilsdorf

External links

Template:Germany districts thuringiade:Landkreis Hildburghausen nl:Hildburghausen (district)

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