Hypernym

From Academic Kids

A hypernym (in Greek υπερνύμιον, literally meaning 'extra name') is a word whose extension includes the extension of the word of which it is a hypernym. For example, vehicle denotes all the things that are separately denoted by the words train, chariot, dogsled, airplane, and automobile and is therefore a hypernym of each of those words.

Another term for a hypernym is a superordinate.

A hypernym is the opposite of a hyponym. For example, plant is hypernymic to flower whereas tulip is hyponymic to flower.

Hypernymy is the semantic relation in which one word is the hypernym of another.

Hypernymy, the relation words stand in when their extensions stand in the relation of class to subclass, should not be confused with holonymy which is the relation words stand in when the things that they denote stand in the relation of whole to part. A similar warning applies to hyponymy and meronymy.

See also

de:Hyperonym es:Hiperónimo eo:Hiperonimo fr:Hypéronymie

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