Il Canto degli Italiani

From Academic Kids

Il Canto degli Italiani (The Song of the Italians) is the Italian national anthem. The anthem is also popularly known, from its first line, as Fratelli d'Italia (Brothers of Italy) and, after its author, as the Inno di Mameli (Mameli's Hymn).

The words were written in 1847 by the poet Goffredo Mameli as an expression of the popular struggle for the unification and independence of Italy. His poem, set to music by Michele Novaro, enjoyed widespread popularity throughout the period of the Risorgimento (Resurgence) – the 19th-century Italian movement towards unification. Following unification in (1861), the anthem of the royal house of Savoy was adopted as a national anthem. When, in 1946, Italy became a republic, Il Canto degli Italiani was provisionally chosen as the country's new national anthem. This choice has never been officially re-examined, with the result that it has remained Italy's "temporary" anthem for more than 50 years.


Contents

Lyrics in Italian

Fratelli d'Italia,
l'Italia s' desta,
dell'elmo di Scipio
s' cinta la testa.
Dov' la vittoria?
Le porga la chioma,
che schiava di Roma
Iddio la cre.
CHORUS:
Stringiamoci a coorte,
siam pronti alla morte.
Siam pronti alla morte,
l'Italia chiam.
Stringiamoci a coorte,
siam pronti alla morte.
Siam pronti alla morte,
l'Italia chiam!
Noi fummo da secoli
calpesti, derisi,
perch non siam popoli,
perch siam divisi.
Raccolgaci un'unica
bandiera, una speme:
di fonderci insieme
gi l'ora suon.
CHORUS
Uniamoci, uniamoci,
l'unione e l'amore
rivelano ai popoli
le vie del Signore.
Giuriamo far libero
il suolo natio:
uniti, per Dio,
chi vincer ci pu?
CHORUS
Dall'Alpi a Sicilia
Dovunque Legnano,
Ogn'uom di Ferruccio
Ha il core, ha la mano,
I bimbi d'Italia
Si chiaman Balilla,
Il suon d'ogni squilla
I Vespri suon.
CHORUS
Son giunchi che piegano
Le spade vendute:
Gi l'Aquila d'Austria
Le penne ha perdute.
Il sangue d'Italia,
Il sangue Polacco,
Bev, col cosacco,
Ma il cor le bruci.
CHORUS

English translation

Italian brothers,
Italy has arisen,
With Scipio's helmet
binding her head.
Where is Victory?
Let her bow down,
For God has made her
The slave of Rome.
CHORUS
Let us form a cohort,
We are ready to die!
We are ready to die!
Italy has called!
Let us form a cohort,
We are ready to die!
We are ready to die!
Italy has called!
We for centuries
Have been downtrodden and derided,
Because we are not a people,
Because we are divided.
Let one flag, one hope
Bring us together;
The hour has struck
For us to join forces.
CHORUS
Let us form a cohort,
We are ready to die!
We are ready to die!
Italy has called!
Let us form a cohort,
We are ready to die!
We are ready to die!
Italy has called!
Let us unite and love one another;
For union and love
Reveal to peoples
The way of the Lord
Let us swear to free
Our native soil;
If we are united under God,
Who can conquer us?


CHORUS
Let us form a cohort,
We are ready to die!
We are ready to die!
Italy has called!
Let us form a cohort,
We are ready to die!
We are ready to die!
Italy has called!
From the Alps to Sicily,
Everywhere it is Legnano;
Every man has the heart
and hand of Ferruccio.
The children of Italy
Are all called Balilla;
Every trumpet blast
Sounds the (Sicilian) Vespers.


CHORUS
Let us form a cohort,
We are ready to die!
We are ready to die!
Italy has called!
Let us form a cohort,
We are ready to die!
We are ready to die!
Italy has called!
Mercenary swords
Are feeble reeds,
And the Austrian eagle
Has lost his plumes.
This eagle that drunk the blood
of Italy and Poland,
togheter with the Cossack,
But this has burned his gut.


CHORUS
Let us form a cohort,
We are ready to die!
We are ready to die!
Italy has called!
Let us form a cohort,
We are ready to die!
We are ready to die!
Italy has called!

Controversy

The desirability or otherwise of replacing Fratelli d'Italia with a different anthem has recently been discussed in Italy. The music of Fratelli d'Italia is viewed by some (both laymen and experts) as poor, especially when compared with the renonwed Italian classical music tradition (for example, Giuseppe Verdi or Giacomo Puccini). And the lyrics, far from being universal, refer to some very specific episodes in Italian history which, while they were well known to all in the 19th century, are almost meaningless now. Nevertheless, Fratelli d'Italia is immediately recognizable to everyone in Italy, and it is difficult to believe that Italians will allow it to be replaced without a fierce debate.

Audio

Listen to the audio file (~2 Megs download): Template:Listen

External links

ca:Fratelli d'Italia cs:Italsk hymna de:Fratelli d'Italia es:La Canzone degli Italiani fr:Fratelli d'Italia hu:Olasz himnusz id:Fratelli d'Italia it:Inno di Mameli he:המנון איטליה mt:La Canzone degli Italiani nl:Fratelli d'Italia ja:イタリアの国歌 no:Fratelli d'Italia pl:Hymn Włoch pt:Hino nacional da Itlia ro:Fratelli d'Italia sl:Inno di Mameli

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