J. P. Guilford

From Academic Kids

J. P. Guilford (18971988) was a US psychologist, best remembered for his study of human intelligence.

He graduated from the University of Nebraska before studying under Edward Titchener at Cornell. He then held a number of posts at Nebraska and briefly at the University of South California before becoming Director of Psychological Research at Santa Ana Army Air Base in 1941. There he worked on the selection and ranking of aircrew trainees.

Developing the views of L. L. Thurstone, Guilford rejected Charles Spearman's view that intelligence could be characterised in a single numerical parameter and proposed that three dimensions were necessary for accurate description:

  • Operations
  • Production
  • Materials or content.

He made the important distinction between convergent and divergent production.

Bibliography

  • Guilford, J.P. (1950) Creativity, American Psychologist, vol5, pp444-454.
  • Guilford, J.P. (1967) The Nature of Human Intelligence
  • Guilford, J.P. & Hoepfner, R. (1971) The Analysis of Intelligence

External links


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