Jacquerie

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Jacquerie.jpg
The Jacquerie in Froissart's chronicles

The Jacquerie was a popular revolt in late medieval Europe that took place in northern France in 1358, during the Hundred Years' War.

After the capture of the French King John II the Good by the English during the Battle of Poitiers in 1356, the power in France devolved to the Estates General. However, the Estates General was too divided to provide effective government. To secure their rights, the French privileged classes forced the peasantry to pay ever-increasing taxes (for example, the taille) and to repair their war-damaged properties without compensation.

This ill-treatment resulted in a series of bloody rebellions in several regions beginning in 1358. These rebellions were known as the Jacquerie after the peasant revolutionary popularly known as Jacques Bonhomme, or "simple Jack," and they were quickly put down by the nobility.

The word "Jacquerie" became a synonym for peasant uprisings and for centuries the nobility lived in fear of a repeat performance.

Template:France-stubde:Jacquerie fr:Jacquerie pl:Żakeria pt:jacquerie ru:Жакерия

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