James Tobin

From Academic Kids

James Tobin (March 5, 1918March 11, 2002) was a United States economist.

He graduated from University High School and Harvard University, served as an economic advisor to the government of John F. Kennedy, and taught for many years at Yale University. In 1955 he won the John Bates Clark Medal, and in 1981 he won the Nobel Prize in economics.

Tobin advocated and developed the ideas of Keynesian economics. He believed that governments should intervene in the economy in order to stabilise output and avoid recessions. His academic work included pioneering contributions to the study of investment, monetary and fiscal policy and financial markets.

Outside of academia, Tobin became widely known for his suggestion of a tax on foreign exchange transactions, now known as the "Tobin tax." This was designed to reduce speculation on currency markets, which he saw as unproductive. He also suggested that the proceeds of the tax could be used to fund projects for the benefit of Third World countries, or to support the United Nations.

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es:James Tobin eo:James TOBIN fr:James Tobin no:James Tobin pl:James Tobin pt:James Tobin fi:James Tobin

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