Lenzing

From Academic Kids

Lenzing is a small town of approximately 5000 residents, three kilometers north of Lake Attersee in Austria, It is located in the Upper Austrian part of the Salzkammergut.

In November 1944, the first transport of 500 women from Auschwitz came to Lenzing to work in the newly opened Mauthausen subcamp. Eventually 600 female prisoners, mainly Jewish women came to lenzing from Auschwitz, and a few others came from Ravensbruck and the main camp at Mauthausen. The SS staff in the small subcamp included mainly SS men as well as a small contingent of SS women. Frau Schmidt served in her capacities as Lagerfuhrerin, or female commandant. Her main boss was Mauthausen commandant Franz Ziereis who commanded all of the subcamps in Austria. Later Margarete Freinberger became an Oberaufseherin in the camp under Schmidt. Only one other female overseer is known today, Maria Kunik. Attitudes by the former guards was reported as arrogant and brutal, but not as horrible as in Mauthausen proper. The prisoners in the Lenzing camp worked for the Lenzing AG company making artificial wool. Many women infact died from the work, and other perished in the Mauthausen gas chambers when they could no longer work. In the winter of January 1945 a group of women prisoners were severly hurt when a train carrying supplies to the camp derailed. The SS sent them, along with any other prisoners who could no longer work to Mauthausen where they were gassed. The women "cried and whailed all the way to the main camp." In May 1945 the American Army neared the Lenzing camp. The SS staff fled after Lagerfuhrerin Schmidt gave a speech to the surviving women as to not "dishonor them." In early May 1945 the US Army liberated 566 women from the small Lenzing subcamp.

Lenzing's economy today is partly based on tourism, but the town is much more known as an industrial site; it is the world headquarters of Lenzing AG, which is the world leader in the production of cellulose-based fiber such as viscose and Lyocell. As of 2004, it manufactures one-fifth [1] (http://www.fibre2fashion.com/news/NewsDetails.asp?News_id=6423) of the world's cellulose fiber.

Template:Austria-geo-stubde:Lenzing (Ort) ro:Lenzing

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