Louis X of France

From Academic Kids

Template:Direct Capetians Louis X the Quarreller (French: Louis X le Hutin) (October 4, 1289 - June 5, 1316), King of France from 1314 to 1316, was a member of the Capetian Dynasty.

He was born in Paris, France, son of Philip IV of France and Jeanne of Navarre.

He inherited the title king of Navarre on the death of his mother, on April 2, 1305.

On the death of his father in 1314, he became king of France and was officially sacred at Reims in August 1315.

On September 21, 1305 he married Marguerite de Bourgogne (Burgundy) and they had a daughter, Jeanne (January 28, 1312 - October 6, 1349). Louis accused his wife of adultery and she was imprisoned and died in the chateau Gaillard. On August 13, 1315 he married Clemence d'Anjou (1293 - 1328), daughter of Charles Martel and sister of Charles I of Hungary.

The reign of Louis X was short and unremarkable, dominated by the continued feuding with the noble factions within the kingdom.

Louis died at Vincennes, Val-de-Marne. He was interred with his second wife Clemence in Saint Denis Basilica.

At the time of Louis's death, his wife Clemence was pregnant, making it impossible to know Louis's successor until the time his child was born. If the child were a son, he would succeed Louis as king: had the child been a daughter, there would be a question between Louis's (eldest) daughter Joan and his brother Philip V. (John I's half-sister Jeanne, as a female, had a disputed claim to the throne of France: a female could not succeed to the throne of France if following the Salic law; she did, however, have rights in the succession of Navarre where females are allowed - witness that kingdom being brought to Capetians by Louis' own mother). It must be underscored that at that time, there existed these two ideas of succession, and it was not at all clear that Salic Law should be followed. This legal question had never earlier been resolved regarding the throne of France.

Louis's next brother, the future Philip V was appointed regent (this act working in favor of the idea of him being the heir presumptive and the Salic Law being in control - however, Joan was at that time a minor, thus not a very good candidate for regentship - and apparently, the pregnant widow, queen Clemence, was not regarded a good choice for position of the regent), for the five months remaining until the birth of his brother's child, who turned out to be male. Thus Louis was succeeded by his posthumous son John I (Jean I), who lived only five days. Louis X's brother Philip then became king.


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