Meliaceae

From Academic Kids

Mahogany family

Melia azaderach in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Sapindales
Family:Meliaceae
Genera

See text

The Meliaceae, or the Mahogany family, is a flowering plant family of mostly tropical trees and shrubs in the order Sapindales, characterised by alternate, usually pinnate leaves without stipules and by syncarpous, usually bisexual flowers borne in panicles, cymes, spikes, or clusters. Many species are deciduous, either in the dry season or in winter, but some are evergreen. The family includes about 50 genera and 550 species.

Contents

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Distribution

Pantropical; one genus (Toona) extends north into temperate China and south into southeast Australia, and another (Melia) nearly as far north.

Uses

Oil, soap-making, insecticides, highly prized wood (mahogany)

Some economically important species belong to this family:

Genera

Missing image
Aglaiaodorata1web.jpg
Chinese Rice Flower (Aglaia odorata)
  • Aglaia
  • Anthocarapa
  • Aphanamixis
  • Astrotrichilia
  • Azadirachta
  • Cabralea
  • Calodecarya
  • Capuronianthus
  • Carapa
  • Cedrela
  • Chisocheton
  • Chukrasia
  • Cipadessa
  • Dysoxylum
  • Ekebergia
  • Entandophragma
  • Guarea
  • Heckeldora
  • Humbertioturraea
  • Khaya
  • Lansium
  • Lepidotrichilia
  • Lovoa
  • Malleastrum
  • Melia
  • Munronia
  • Naregamia
  • Neobeguea
  • Owenia
  • Pseudobersama
  • Pseudocarapa
  • Pseudocedrela
  • Pterorhachis
  • Reinwardtiodendron
  • Ruagea
  • Sandoricum
  • Schmardaea
  • Soymida
  • Sphaerosacme
  • Swietenia
  • Synoum
  • Toona
  • Trichilia
  • Turraea
  • Turraeanthus
  • Vavaea
  • Walsura
  • Xylocarpus

External link

de:Mahagonigewächse eo:Meliacoj es:Meliaceae fr:Meliaceae he:אזדרכתיים no:Mahognifamilien pt:Meliaceae

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