Pomona, California

From Academic Kids

Pomona is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, in the eastern San Gabriel Valley. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 149,473. Pomona is the 5th largest city in Los Angeles County.

The city is named for Pomona, the ancient Roman goddess of fruit. In typical Southern California fashion of the 1870s, boosters gave the town this name before a single orange tree had been planted within its boundaries. By the 1880s, however, the arrival of railroads and Coachella Valley water had made it the western anchor of the citrus-growing region that encompassed most of what is now known unofficially as the Inland Empire. Pomona is generally not identified as part of the Inland Empire (sometimes referred to as "the 909") because it is in Los Angeles County, as opposed to being in Riverside or San Bernardino) Counties. However, because Pomona is part of the 909 telephone area code which includes most of the communities in the Inland Empire, and because of the San Jose Hills on Pomona's western city limit that creates a physical/psychological 'barrier' between Pomona and the rest of Los Angeles County, it would not be unusual to include Pomona within the definition of the Inland Empire.

Pomona is best known as the location of California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona). This university was established on the site of breakfast cereal magnate W.K. Kellogg's massive ranch located on the city's west side. It is also the home of the Los Angeles County fairgrounds. While a fair in the nation's most populous county might seem quaint, Cal Poly is one of several major agricultural research facilities in the state, and the fair's livestock exhibits are a noted attraction. (Other major California agriculture schools include Fresno State, UC Davis, and Chico State.)

Located in downtown Pomona is Western University of Health Science, with programs ranging from veterinary medicine to nursing to osteopathic medicine.

Pomona is not, as is often assumed, the site of Pomona College. Although this elite liberal arts institution was founded in the city, its campus has been in neighboring Claremont since 1889.

Contents

Geography

Pomona is located at 34°3'39" North, 117°45'21" West (34.060760, -117.755886)Template:GR. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 59.2 km² (22.8 mi²). 59.2 km² (22.8 mi²) of it is land and none of it is covered by water.

Pomona is bordered by the cities of San Dimas on the northwest, La Verne and Claremont on the north, Montclair and Chino on the east, Chino Hills and Diamond Bar on the south, and Walnut and Industry on the southwest. The Los Angeles/San Bernardino county line forms most of the city's southern and eastern boundaries. The Pomona, Chino Valley, San Bernardino, and Orange freeways run through the city. The Riverside and San Bernardino lines of the Metrolink commuter rail service also have stops in Pomona.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 149,473 people, 37,855 households, and 29,791 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,526.8/km² (6,544.3/mi²). There are 39,598 housing units at an average density of 669.4/km² (1,733.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 41.76% White, 9.63% African American, 1.26% Native American, 7.20% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 34.93% from other races, and 5.01% from two or more races. 64.47% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 37,855 households out of which 49.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% are married couples living together, 16.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 21.3% are non-families. 15.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.82 and the average family size is 4.22.

In the city the population is spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 13.0% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 15.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 26 years. For every 100 females there are 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 101.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $40,021, and the median income for a family is $40,852. Males have a median income of $30,195 versus $26,135 for females. The per capita income for the city is $13,336. 21.6% of the population and 17.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 27.4% of those under the age of 18 and 11.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Famous people from Pomona

External links

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