Prime Minister of Mongolia

From Academic Kids

The Prime Minister of Mongolia is the highest member of the Mongolian government's executive arm, and heads the Mongolian cabinet. The Prime Minister is appointed by Parliament, and can be removed by a vote of no confidence.

The office of Prime Minister was established in 1912, shortly after Mongolia first declared independence from China. This was not recognised by many nations. By the time of Mongolia's second (and more generally recognised) declaration of independence in 1921, the office was controlled by a communist group known as the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party. Shortly after this, the party established the Mongolian People's Republic, and the Prime Minister's post was superseded by one known by the title "Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars". This was changed to "Chairman of the Council of Ministers" in 1946. The title of Prime Minister was only revived in 1990, when the People's Revolutionary Party gradually released its hold on power. Regardless of the changes of name, however, the modern Mongolian government recognises the office as having existed continuously since 1912, and counts all holders of the office as Prime Ministers.

There is some confusion as to the first holder of the office. A lama named Tseren (or Tserenchimed) held office as "Prime Minister" during a provisional government, and is sometimes cited as the first holder of the modern office. However, the current Mongolian government considers Sainnoyonkhan Shirindambiyn Namnansuren, the first formal office-holder, to be the first. There is also some confusion over the status of Tsengeltiyn Jigjidjav - some consider him to have only been acting Prime Minister, while some consider him to have been a full Prime Minister. The Mongolian government takes the latter view.

Name Took Office Left Office Party
1 Sajnnojonkhan Shirindambyn Namnansuren November, 1912 April, 1919 None
2 Khatan-Baatar Sandagdorjiyn Maksarjav 15 February, 1921 March, 1921 None
3 Dambyn Chadarjav 13 March, 1921 16 April, 1921 People's Revolutionary Party
4 Dogsomyn Bodoo 16 April, 1921 7 January, 1922 People's Revolutionary Party
5 Sodnomyn Damdinbazar 3 March, 1922 23 June, 1923 People's Revolutionary Party
6 Balingiyn Tserendorj Beyse 28 September, 1923 13 February, 1928 People's Revolutionary Party
7 Agdanbuugiyn Amar, 1st time 21 February, 1928 27 April, 1930 People's Revolutionary Party
8 Tsengeltiyn Jigjidav 27 April, 1930 2 July, 1932 People's Revolutionary Party
9 Peljidiyn Genden 2 July, 1932 2 March, 1936 People's Revolutionary Party
Agdanbuugiyn Amar, 2nd time 22 March, 1936 7 March, 1939 People's Revolutionary Party
10 Horloogiyn Choybalsan 24 March, 1939 26 January, 1952 People's Revolutionary Party
11 Yumjaagiyn Tsedenbal 26 January, 1952 11 June, 1974 People's Revolutionary Party
12 Jambyn Batmönh 11 June, 1974 12 December, 1984 People's Revolutionary Party
13 Dumaagiyn Sodnom 12 December, 1984 21 March, 1990 People's Revolutionary Party
14 Sharavyn Gungaadorj 21 March, 1990 11 September, 1990 People's Revolutionary Party
15 Dashiyn Byambasüren 11 September, 1990 21 July, 1992 People's Revolutionary Party
16 Puntsagiyn Jasray 21 July, 1992 19 July, 1996 People's Revolutionary Party
17 Mendsayhany Enkhsaikhan 19 July, 1996 23 April, 1998 Democratic Union
18 Tsakhiagiyn Elbegdorj, 1st time 23 April, 1998 9 December, 1998 National Democratic Party
19 Janlavyn Narantsatsralt 9 December, 1998 22 July, 1999 National Democratic Party
Nyam-Osoryn Tuyaa (acting) 22 July, 1999 30 July, 1990 National Democratic Party
20 Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal 30 July, 1999 26 July, 2000 National Democratic Party
21 Nambaryn Enkhbayar 26 July, 2000 August 20 2004 People's Revolutionary Party
Tsakhiagiyn Elbegdorj, 2nd time August 20, 2004 (present) National Democratic Party

External link

is:Forsætisráðherra Mongólíu

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