From Academic Kids

The röntgen or roentgen (symbol R) is a unit of exposure to ionising radiation (X or gamma rays), and is named after the physicist Wilhelm Röntgen. It is the amount of radiation required to liberate positive and negative charges of one electrostatic unit of charge in 1 cm3 of air at standard temperature and pressure (STP). This corresponds to the generation of approximately 2.08×109 ion pairs.

In SI units, 1 R = 2.58×10-4 C/kg. A dose of 500 R in 5 hours is lethal for humans.

The röntgen is an obsolete unit, superseded by the gray. In dry air, 1 Gy is approximately equal to 100 röntgens.

The röntgen was occasionally used to measure exposure to radiation in other forms than X-rays or gamma rays. To adjust for the different impact of different forms of radiation on biological matter, the "Röntgen equivalent man" or rem was also in use. Exposure in rems is equal to the exposure in röntgens multiplied by the Q value, a constant describing the type of radiation. The rem is now superseded by the sievert (see the latter for a list of Q values).

Natural background exposure varies widely; from 0.17 μR/h in some regions to as high as 11 μR/h in others (1.5 to 100 mSv/a [1] (http://cnts.wpi.edu/rsh/docs/background.html)), with urban areas typically having higher exposure rates than rural ones. The world’s average individual lifetime dose due to natural background radiation is about 16 R (160 mSv; 0.3 μR/h if you assume an average life expectancy of 60 years).

et:Röntgen fr:Röntgen ja:レントゲン nl:Röntgen (eenheid) pl:Rentgen

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