Rhizophoraceae

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Rhizophoraceae

Young Rhizophora mangle, a mangrove
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Rhizophoraceae
Genera

Anopyxis
Blepharistemma
Bruguiera
Carallia
Cassipourea
Ceriops
Comiphyton
Crossostylis
Dactylopetalum
Gynotroches
Kandelia
Macarisia
Pellacalyx
Rhizophora
Sterigmapetalum
Weihea

Rhizophoraceae is a family constituted by tropical or subtropical flowering plants. Among the better known members are mangrove trees of the genus Rhizophora. However, most species grow on land and a high proportion of these are parasitic. There are around 120 species distributed in six genera, most native to the Old World.

Description

These are woody plants with opposite or whorled leaves (but not decussate), with insect-pollinated flowers having a nectary disc and typically five petals. This family is now placed in the order Malpighiales, though under the older Cronquist system they formed an order in themselves (Rhizophorales).

Reproduction

These species are often hermaphrodite, more rarely polygamomonoecious. Mangrove species are usually viviparous while those living on land are not.

Use

Some species procure wood used for underwater construction or piling. Tannins are obtained from the tree's bark.

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