Savona

From Academic Kids

Commune: Savona
Province: Savona
Region : Liguria
State: Italy
Geo. coord. Template:Coor dm
Population: 59,889 (2001 census)
Altitude:4 m
Area: 65 km²
Subdivisions: ?
Postal code 17100
Area code 019
ISTAT code 009056
Tax ID prefix ?
Adjascent
communes:

Albisola Marina, Quiliano,
Vado Ligure, Altare

Savona is a seaport and comune of the province of Savona in the northern Italian region of Liguria, Template:Coor dm, in the Riviera di Ponente on the Mediterranean Sea, at sea-level. Its population was 62,000 in the 2003 census.

On the Rocca di San Giorgio stands the fortress named Priamar ("rock on the sea") built by the Genoese in 1542, on the area of the old cathedral and later used as a prison and military prison (italian patriot Giuseppe Mazzini was imprisoned here). Near the Cathedral (built 15891604) is the Cappella Sistina containing the tomb erected by the Della Rovere Pope Sixtus IV to honor his parents, and facing the cathedral is the Palazzo Della Rovere built by Cardinal Giulio della Rovere (Pope Julius II) from the plans of Giuliano da Sangallo as a university.

Savona used to be one of the chief seats of the Italian iron industry, having iron-works and foundries, shipbuilding, railway workshops, engineering shops, brass foundry.

Missing image
It-map.png
Map of Italy showing Savona in the upper left

Savona is the Roman Savo of the Ingauni, where, according to Livy, Mago stored his booty in the Second Punic War. The place was outshone in importance in Roman times by the harbor at Vada Sabatia (Vado),from which a road diverged across the Apennines to Placentia. In 1191 the commune of Savona bought out the territorial claims of the feudal lords, the marchesi Del Carretto. Its whole history is that of a long struggle against Genoa. As early as the 12th century the Savonese built themselves a sufficient harbour, but in the 16th century the Genoese, fearing that Francis I of France intended to make it a great seat of Mediterranean trade, rendered it useless by sinking at its mouth vessels filled with large stones. In 1746 Savona was captured by the king of Sardinia, but it was restored to Genoa by the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle.



See also

fr:Savone it:Savona ja:????? nl:Savona no:Savona pt:Savona

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