Selangor

From Academic Kids

سلاڠور دار الإحسان Selangor Darul Ehsan
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Selangorflag.gif


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SelangorStateEmblem.jpg


State Flag Coat of Arms
State motto: no State motto
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MalaysiaSelangor.png


Capital Shah Alam
Royal Capital Klang
Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah
Chief Minister Mohd Khir bin Toyo
Area 7,956 km2
Population
 - Estimated

4,100,000
State anthem Duli Yang Maha Mulia

Selangor (Jawi: سلنجور, population 4.1 million) is one of the 14 states of Malaysia. It is on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and is bordered by Perak to the north, Pahang to the west, Negri Sembilan to the south and the Strait of Malacca to the west. It totally surrounds the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya.

The name Selangor is said to come from the Malay word selangau, 'a fly' (Musca vicina), most probably due to the abundance of flies in the marshes along the Selangor River in the state's north-west.

Selangor is also known by its Arabic honorific, 'Darul Ehsan' ("Abode of Sincerity").

The state is a hereditary monarchy and has been ruled since 2001 by Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah. The Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) is currently Datuk Seri Dr. Mohd Khir bin Toyo, of the Barisan Nasional coalition, who is a dentist.

Selangor is Malaysia's most populous state, largely thanks to the rapid economic growth taking place there, mostly propelled by industry, and the growth of the Kuala Lumpur conurbation (known as the Klang Valley, due to its sprawl within the floodplain of the Klang River).

The capital city is Shah Alam and the royal capital is Klang. A third major city is Petaling Jaya.

The population in the year 2000 was 3,947,527. Selangor's ethic composition in year 1995 was: Malay (1,270,170 or 44%), Chinese (852,425 or 35%), Indian (426,213 or 18%), Other (273,179)


Contents

History

In the 15th century, Selangor was ruled by Melaka. After the fall of Melaka to the Portuguese in 1511, the area became hotly disputed between the Portuguese, Johor, Aceh and Siam. After the Dutch displaced the Portuguese from Melaka, they brought in Bugis mercenaries from Sulawesi, (who established the current sultanate in 1740). In many districts, Bugis settlers displaced the Minangkabau settlers from Sumatra, who had established themselves in Selangor some 100 years previously. In the 19th century, the economy boomed due to the exploitation of huge tin reserves and the growing importance of rubber. This attracted a large influx of Chinese migrants. Chinese secret clan societies, allied with Selangor chiefs fought for control of the tin mines, and the increasing violence created social and economic havoc. It also opened a window of opportunity for the British, who forced the Sultan of Selangor to accept a British Resident at his capital of Klang in 1874. Under the stability imposed by the British, Selangor again prospered. In 1896, largely through the coordination of the Resident Frank Swettenham, Selangor united with Negri Sembilan, Perak and Pahang to form the Federated Malay States, with its capital in the Selangor city of Kuala Lumpur. The Federated Malay States evolved into the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and the Federation of Malaysia in 1963. In 1974, Selangor relinquished the city of Kuala Lumpur to the federal government. Putrajaya also became a federal territory federal territory in the mid-1990s.

Selangor is now the richest, most industrialized and most urbanized of all the Malay states.

Administration

List of districts

Cities and major towns

External links


de:Selangor

fr:Selangor id:Selangor ms:Selangor ja:スランゴール州 no:Selangor pl:Selangor fi:Selangor zh:賽藍葛

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