Small Buttonquail

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Small Buttonquail
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Turniciformes
Family:Turnicidae
Genus:Turnix
Species:T. sylvatica
Binomial name
Turnix sylvatica
Desfontaines, 1789

The Small Buttonquail or Andalusian Hemipode, (Turnix sylvatica ) is a buttonquail, one of a small family of birds which resemble, but are unrelated to, the true quails. This species is resident from southern Spain and Africa through India and tropical Asia to Indonesia.

This tiny buttonquail is notoriously difficult to see. It is a small 15cm long drab running bird, which avoids flying. It is a species which inhabits warm grasslands or scrub jungle and feeds on insects and seeds.

Small Buttonquail resembles a Common Quail. It has streaked sandy brown upperparts, buff underparts with black flank markings and a plain face. In flight, a whitish wingbar contrasts with the grey wing. Sexes are similar, but immature birds are more spotted below.

The female initiates courtship and builds the ground nest. The male incubates the normally four speckled greyish eggs, and tends the young, which can run as soon as they are hatched.

The female calls with a deep hoom-hoom-hoom and the male replies kek-kek-kek.

Reference

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