Snake skull

From Academic Kids

The skull of a snake is a very complex and highly evolved structure, with numerous joints to allow the snake to swallow prey far bigger than its head.

Missing image
Snake_skull_joints_lateral_view.jpg
Image:Snake_skull_joints_lateral_view.jpg

Depicted above is a side view of the skull of a Burmese python, with those kinetic joints that are visible labeled. The joints in red are highly mobile, those in green are slightly mobile, and the joint in blue, while not mobile in most snake species, is highly mobile in the African Egg-eating Snake.

The red joint A is the joint between the madible and quadrate, and is analogous to the joint in the human (and other mammal) jaws. The joint above it, labeled B in red, is the joint between the quadrate and the supratemporal, which is also highly mobile in most directions, and adds another joint to the jaw, allowing wider gape and greater jaw flexibility. The red joint C, located beneath the eye socket, is the connection between the prefrontal and maxilla (upper jaw). This allows the maxilla and its teeth to pivot in the plane of the photograph, and while it does not increase gape, it does facillitate the complex action by which the snake draws prey into its mouth.

The green joint A, above the eye socket, is a joint between the frontal and nasal bones, which allows the snake to slightly upturn its nose, slightly increasing gape and assisting in swallowing. Green joint B allows the lower jaws to bow outwards, further increasing the gape.

Add dorsal and ventral views of skull, labeled, with descriptions

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