Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands

From Academic Kids

Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands is a group of biomes in which the climate is temperate to semi-arid.

  • water: semi arid (wet season, dry season in summer)
  • temperature: warm to hot season (often with a cold to freezing season in winter)
  • soil: fertile
  • plants: grass
  • animals: many mammals, birds, insects…

Grasslands are characterized by grasses and other erect herbs, usually without trees or shrubs. Temperate grasslands occur in the dry temperate interiors of continents. Exceptions are anthropogenic grasslands, created by human clearance of natural forest biomes; these may occur in other climatic conditions, such as the Faroe Islands grasslands listed below.

Steppes are short grasslands that occur in semi-arid climates. Prairies are tall grasslands in areas of higher rainfall. Heaths and Pasture are, respectively, low shrublands and grasslands where forest growth is hindered by human activity, not climate.

Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands ecoregions

Afrotropic ecozone

Al Hajar Al Gharbi montane woodlands (Oman)
Amsterdam and Saint-Paul Islands temperate grasslands (Amsterdam Island, Saint-Paul Island)
Tristan da Cunha-Gough Islands shrub and grasslands (Tristan da Cunha, Gough Island)

Australasia ecozone

Canterbury-Otago tussock grasslands (New Zealand)
Eastern Australia mulga shrublands (Australia)
Southeast Australia temperate savanna (Australia)

Nearctic ecozone

California Central Valley grasslands (United States)
Canadian aspen forests and parklands (Canada, United States)
Central and Southern mixed grasslands (United States)
Central forest-grasslands transition (United States)
Central tall grasslands (United States)
Edwards Plateau savanna (United States)
Flint Hills tall grasslands (United States)
Montana valley and foothill grasslands (United States)
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands (United States)
Northern mixed grasslands (Canada, United States)
Northern short grasslands (Canada, United States)
Northern tall grasslands (Canada, United States)
Oak savanna (Canada, United States)
Palouse grasslands (United States)
Texas blackland prairies (United States)
Western short grasslands (Canada, United States)

Neotropic ecozone

Argentine Espinal (Argentina)
Argentine Monte (Argentina)
Humid Pampas (Argentina)
Patagonian grasslands (Argentina, Chile)
Patagonian steppe (Argentina, Chile)
Semi-arid Pampas (Argentina)

Palearctic ecozone

Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe (Kazahkstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan)
Altai steppe and semi-desert (Kazakhstan)
Central Anatolian steppe (Turkey)
Daurian forest steppe (China, Mongolia, Russia)
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe (Armenia, Iran, Turkey)
Emin Valley steppe (China, Kazakhstan)
Faroe Islands boreal grasslands(Faroe Islands, part of Denmark)
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan)
Kazakh forest steppe (Kazakhstan, Russia)
Kazakh steppe (Kazakhstan, Russia)
Kazakh upland (Kazakhstan)
Middle East steppe (Iraq, Syria)
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland (China, Mongolia, Russia)
Pontic steppe (Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine)
Sayan Intermontane steppe (Russia)
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe (Mongolia, Russia)
South Siberian forest steppe (Russia)
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan)


Template:Terrestrial biomes


Ecozones
Afrotropic | Antarctic | Australasia | Indomalaya | Nearctic | Neotropic | Oceania | Palearctic
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