Tithi

From Academic Kids

In vedic timekeeping, a tithi (also spelled thithi) is a lunar day, or the time it takes for the longitudinal angle between the moon and the sun to increase by 12. Tithis begin at varying times of day and vary in duration from approximately 19 to approximately 26 hours.

There are 30 tithis in each lunar month, named as follows:

Krsna paksa
(dark fortnight)
Gaura paksa
(bright fortnight)
1PratipatPratipat
2DvitiyaDvitiya
3TrtiyaTrtiya
4CaturthiCaturthi
5PancamiPancami
6SastiSasti
7SaptamiSaptami
8AstamiAstami
9NavamiNavami
10DasamiDasami
11EkadasiEkadasi
12DvadasiDvadasi
13TrayodasiTrayodasi
14CaturdasiCaturdasi
15Amavasya
(new moon)
Purnima
(full moon)

Ekadasi, the eleventh day of each lunar fortnight, has special religious significance in Hinduism and Jainism -- usually observed by fasting.pl:Tithi

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