Transportation in Egypt

From Academic Kids

Transport facilities in Egypt are centered in Cairo and largely follow the pattern of settlement along the Nile. The main line of the nation's 4,800-kilometer (2,800-mi.) railway network runs from Alexandria to Aswan. The well-maintained road network has expanded rapidly to over 21,000 miles, covering the Nile Valley and Nile Delta, Mediterranean and Red Sea coasts, the Sinai, and the Western oases.

Egypt Air provides reliable domestic air service to major tourist destinations from its Cairo hub, in addition to overseas routes. The Nile River system (about 1,600 km. or 1,000 mi.) and the principal canals (1,600 km.) are important locally for transport. The Suez Canal is a major waterway of international commerce and navigation, linking the Mediterranean and Red Sea. Major ports are Alexandria, Port Said, and Damietta on the Mediterranean, and Suez and Safraga on the Red Sea.

Contents

Railways

total: 4,955 km

standard gauge: 4,955 km 1,435-m gauge (42 km electrified; 1,560 km double track)

City with metro system: Cairo

Railway links with adjacent countries

Highways

total: 64,000 km

paved: 49,984 km

unpaved: 14,016 km (1996 est.)

Waterways

3,500 km (including the Nile, Lake Nasser, Alexandria-Cairo Waterway, and numerous smaller canals in the delta); Suez Canal, 193.5 km (including approaches), used by oceangoing vessels drawing up to 16.1 m of water

Pipelines

crude oil 1,171 km; petroleum products 596 km; natural gas 460 km

Ports and harbors

Mediterranean Sea

Red Sea

Nile River

Lake Nasser

Other

Merchant marine

total: 180 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,348,148 GRT/2,014,483 DWT

Ships by type

  • bulk: 25
  • cargo: 63
  • container: 1
  • liquified gas: 1
  • passenger: 57
  • petroleum tanker: 14
  • roll-on/roll-off: 16
  • short-sea passenger: 3 (1999 est.)

Airports

90 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

total: 71

over 3,047 m: 12

2,438 to 3,047 m: 36

1,524 to 2,437 m: 16

914 to 1,523 m: 3

under 914 m: 4 (1999 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways

total: 19

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 6

under 914 m: 9 (1999 est.)

Heliports

2 (1999 est.)

External links

  • Map (http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/africa/egypt_pol97.jpg)


See Also


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