Trees of Canada

From Academic Kids

This list includes many of the common large shrubs of Canada, as well as the trees. Many of the trees on this list are introduced as ornamentals or for food and are not common in Canada. Also due to the vast area of Canada, a tree that is common in one area, may be completely absent or unable to grow in another area. In particular many warm-temperate trees can only be grown on the mild Pacific coast (where gardens may contain many additional species not listed here).

See also Provincial tree emblems of Canada for the official trees of the Provinces and Territories of Canada.

Conifers (Pinophyta)

Abies firs

Araucaria

Callitropsis

  • nootkatensis Nootka Cypress, "Yellow-cedar" (previously included in Chamaecyparis)

Cedrus cedars

Chamaecyparis

Cryptomeria

  • Cryptomeria japonica Sugi - introduced

Cupressus

  • arizonica Arizona Cypress - introduced
  • macrocarpa Monterey Cypress - introduced

Juniperus junipers

Larix larches

Metasequoia

Picea spruces

Pinus pines

Platycladus

Pseudotsuga

Sciadopitys

Sequoia

Sequoiadendron

Taxodium baldcypresses

Taxus yews

Thuja thujas

Tsuga hemlocks

Ginkgos (Ginkgophyta)

Ginkgo

  • Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo - introduced

Broadleaves (Magnoliophyta)

Acer maples

Aesculus buckeyes and horse-chestnuts

Ailanthus

Alnus alders

  • glutinosa Black alder - introduced
  • incana Speckled alder
  • rubra Red alder
  • serrulata Hazel alder
  • viridis Green alder

Amelanchier serviceberries

Aralia

Arbutus

Asimina

Betula birches

Caragana

Carpinus hornbeams

Carya hickories

Castanea chestnuts

Catalpa catalpas

  • bignonioides Southern catalpa - introduced
  • ovata Japanese catalpa - introduced
  • speciosa Northern catalpa - introduced

Celtis hackberries

  • occidentalis Hackberry
  • tenuifolia Dwarf hackberry

Cephalanthus occidentalis Button-bush

Cercidiphyllum

Cercis

Cladrastis

Cornus dogwoods

Corylus hazels

Cotinus

Crataegus Hawthorns - too many species to list.

Elaeagnus

Euonymus Euonymus

  • alatus Winged euonymus - introduced
  • atropurpureus Burning-bush euonymus
  • europaeus European spindle - introduced
  • fortunei Winter-creeper euonymus - introduced

Fagus beeches

Fraxinus ashes

Gleditsia

Gymnocladus

Hamamelis

Hippophae

Ilex hollies

  • aquifolium English Holly - introduced
  • opaca American Holly - introduced
  • verticillata Common Winterberry

Juglans walnuts

Laburnum

  • Laburnum anagyroides Laburnum - introduced

Liquidambar

  • Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum - introduced

Liriodendron

Maclura

Magnolia magnolias

Malus apples

Morus mulberries

Myrica

Nemopanthus

Nyssa

Ostrya

Phellodendron

Platanus planes

Populus poplars, aspens, cottonwoods

Prunus cherries, plums, peaches

Ptelea

Pyrus pears

  • Pyrus communis Common pear

Quercus oaks

Rhamnus buckthorns

  • cathartica European buckthorn - introduced
  • frangula Glossy buckthorn - introduced
  • purshiana Cascara buckthorn

Rhododendron rhododendrons

  • macrophyllum Pacific rhododendron
  • maximum Rosebay rhododendron - introduced
  • ponticum Pontic rhododendron - introduced

Rhus sumacs

  • copallina Shining sumac
  • glabra Smooth sumac
  • typhina Staghorn sumac

Robinia

Sassafras

Salix willows - too many species to list.

Sambucus elder

  • callicarpa Red-berry elder
  • canadensis American elder
  • cerulea Blue-berry elder
  • melanocarpa Black-berry elder
  • pubens Eastern red-berry elder

Shepherdia

Sorbus rowans

  • americana American Rowan or mountain-ash
  • aucuparia European rowan - introduced
  • decora Showy Rowan or mountain-ash
  • sitchensis Sitka Rowan or mountain-ash

Syringa

  • Syringa vulgaris Common lilac

Tilia lindens

Toxicodendron

Ulmus elms

Viburnum viburnums

  • edule Squashberry
  • lantana Wayfaring-tree - introduced
  • lentago Sweet viburnum, nannyberry
  • opulus Wayfaring tree - introduced
  • trilobus Highbush viburnum

Zanthoxylum Zanthoxylums, prickly-ashes

Zelkova

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