Twinkle Twinkle Little Star

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Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star is one of the most popular English nursery rhymes. It combines the tune of the 1761 French melody Ah! Vous dirais-je, Maman with a poem in couplet form; "The Star (http://eir.library.utoronto.ca/rpo/display/poem2113.html)", by sisters Ann and Jane Taylor, was first published in 1806.

The English lyrics are normally as follows:

Twinkle, twinkle, little star,
How I wonder what you are!
Up above the world so high,
Like a diamond in the sky.
Twinkle, twinkle, little star,
How I wonder what you are!
Contents

Origins

Template:Expand

Melody

Twinkle Twinkle Little Star in ABC notation, C major:

CCGGAAG
FFEEDDC
GGFFEED
GGFFEED
CCGGAAG
FFEEDDC

Twinkle Twinkle Little Star in sol-fa notation (d r m f s l t d = do re me fa so la ti do)

d d s s l l s
f f m m r r d
s s f f m m r
s s f f m m r
d d s s l l s
f f m m r r d

It is also viewable in sheet music notation (http://www.wikipedia.com/upload/twinkle.png), typeset using GNU LilyPond, from the LilyPond music collection.

Listen to it (http://www.wikipedia.com/upload/twinkle.mid) in MIDI format.

Other appearances of the melody

The Alphabet song is also set to the melody and Baa Baa Black Sheep is very similar.

Several famous compositions are based on it:

Parodies

The song is a popular target for parodies. One transliteration of the English lyrics into deliberately obfuscated English was cited in the Quarterly Review of Doublespeak..

Scintillate, scintillate, globule vivific
Fain would I fathom thy nature specific.
Loftily poised in the aether capacious
Vaguely resembling a gem carbonaceous.

A parody of 'Twinkle Twinkle Little Star', spoken by the Mad Hatter, appears in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. It reads:

Twinkle, twinkle, little bat!
How I wonder what you're at!
Up above the world you fly,
Like a teatray in the sky.
Twinkle, twinkle –(little bat!
How I wonder what you're at)

The piece is brackets is not mentioned in the book, but in quoting the poem people usually add it in. The Bat was the nickname of one of the Dons at Oxford, a friend of Carroll's and the Liddell family. In fact it is one of the few parodies in the Alice books which the original is still widely known.

A Latin translation appears in Mary Dodge's When life is young (1894):

Mica, mica, parva stella,
Miror quaenam sis tam bella.
Super terra in caelo,
Alba gemma splendido.
Mica, mica, parva stella,
Miror quaenam sis tam bella.

Another parody was created for Sesame Street . In a short skit, Muppet composer Don Music, overcoming writer's block, struggles to pen the nursery rhyme. The product of his effort is:

Whistle, whistle little bird
Isn't eating crumbs absurd
Try a ham and cheese on rye
And a piece of cherry pie
If those crumbs are all you want
Don't come in my restaurant
Try a ham and cheese on rye
And a piece of cherry pie
If those crumbs are all you want
Don't come in my restaurant

Another parody by Ian D. Bush writer:

Twinkle, twinkle little star
I don't wonder what you are
For the spectroscopic ken
tells me you are hydrogen

French lyrics

The original French rhyme Ah! Vous dirais-je, Maman:

Ah! vous dirais-je, Maman,
Ce qui cause mon tourment
Papa veut que je raisonne,
Comme une grande personne.
Moi je dis que les bonbons
Valent mieux que la raison

English translation:

Ah! I would tell you, mum,
what causes my torment.
Papa wants me to reason
Like an adult.
Me, I say that candy
Is worth more than reason.

Variations

Ah! vous dirais-je, Maman,
ce qui cause mon tourment
Papa veut que je demande
de la soupe et de la viande...
Moi, je dis que les bonbons
valent mieux que les mignons.

English translation:

Ah! I would tell you, Mama,
what causes my torment.
Papa wants me to ask
for soup and for meat
Me, I say that candy
is worth more than cute people
Ah! vous dirais-je, Maman,
ce qui cause mon tourment
Papa veut que je retienne
des verbes la longue antienne*...
Moi je dis que les bonbons
valent mieux que les leons.

*antienne = texte rptitif et lassant comme une ritournelleja:きらきら星

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