Zwickau

From Academic Kids

Statistics
State: Saxony
Regierungsbezirk: Chemnitz
District: Independent city
Area: 102.41 km²
Population: 100,892 (12/31/2002)
Population density: 985/km²
Elevation: 260 m
Postal code: 08001-08066 (old: 95xx)
Area/distance code: 375 (0375)
Location: Template:Coor dm
Municipal code: 14167000
Car designation: Z
Arrangement of the city: 5 districts
with 35 sub-districts?
Address of the city administration: 1 Hauptmarkt
Zwickau 08056
Website: www.zwickau.de

Zwickau is a city of Germany, in the Bundesland Saxony (Sachsen), situated in a valley at the foot of the Erzgebirge, on the left bank of the Zwickauer Mulde, 130 km (82 miles) southwest of Dresden, south of Leipzig and south west of Chemnitz. (Population: slightly above 100,000). It is accessed by nearest autobahnen, the A72 and A4 along with a train station.

Contents

Boundaries

Zwickau is bounded by Mülsen, Reinsdorf, Wilkau-Haßlau, Hirschfeld (Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Kirchberg), Lichtentanne, Werdau, Neukirchen, Crimmitschau and Dennheritz (Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Crimmitschau) along with the districts of Chemnitzer Land with the city of Glauchau.

Districts

Missing image
Zwickau_Rathaus.jpg
The townhall in Zwickau

Highlights

Among the nine churches, the fine Gothic church of St Mary (1451-1536 and restored 1885-1891), with a spire 285 ft. high and a bell weighing 51 tons, is remarkable. The church contains an altar with wood-carving and eight pictures by Michael Wohlgemuth and a remarkable Pieta in carved and painted wood, by Peter Breuer. The late Gothic church of St Catharine (restored 1893-94) has an altarpiece ascribed to Lucas Cranach the elder, and is memorable for the pastorate (1520-22) of Thomas Muenzer. Of the secular buildings the most noteworthy are the town-hall of 1581, with the municipal archives, including documents dating back to the 13th century and an autograph MS. of the works of Hans Sachs, and the late Gothic Gewandhaus (cloth merchants' hall), built 1522-24 and now in part converted into a theatre.

It is also the birthplace of Robert Schumann and there is a museum dedicated to him.

Economy

The manufactures of Zwickau include spinning and weaving, machinery, automobiles (notably the Trabant), chemicals, porcelain, paper, glass, dyestuffs, wire goods, tinware, stockings, and curtains. There are also steam saw-mills, diamond and glass polishing works, iron-foundries, and breweries. Though no longer relatively so important as when it lay on the chief trade route from Saxony to Bohemia and the Danube, Zwickau carries on considerable commerce in grain, linen, and coal. The mainstay of the industrial prosperity of the town is the adjacent coalfield, which in 1908 employed 13,000 hands, and yielded million of tons of coal annually. The mines are mentioned as early as 1348; but they have only been actively worked since 1823, during which time the population of Zwickau has increased more than tenfold.

History

Zwickau is of Slavonic origin, and is mentioned in 1118 as a trading place. The name is fancifully derived from the Latin cygnea, from a tradition that placed a "swan lake" here which had the property of renewing the youth of those who bathed in it. Zwickau was an imperial possession, but was pledged to Henry the Illustrious, margrave of Meissen (d. 1288). The German king Charles VI conferred it as a fief in 1348 on the margraves of Meissen, and it thus passed to their successors the electors of Saxony. The discovery of silver in the Schneeberg in 1470 brought it much wealth.

The Anabaptist movement of 1525 began at Zwickau under the inspiration of the "Zwickau prophets."

Robert Schumann (1810-1856), the musical composer, was born here in a house which still stands in the marketplace.

Incorporations

Historical population

Year Popoulation
1462 ca. 3,900
1530 ca. 7,677
1640 2,693
1723 3,753
1800 4,189
1840 9,740
1861 20,492
1871 27,322
December 1, 1875 ¹ 31,491
December 1, 1890 ¹ 44,198
December 1, 1900 ¹ 55,825
December 1, 1905 ¹ 68,502
December 1, 1910 ¹ 73,542
June 16, 1925 ¹ 80,358
June 16, 1933 ¹ 84,701
May 17, 1939 ¹ 85,198
October 29, 1946 122,862
August 31, 1950 138,844
December 1, 1960 129,138
December 31, 1972 124,796
June 30, 1981 121,800
1986 120,900
June 30, 1997 102,100
December 31, 2002 100,892

¹ Census data

Historical mayors of Zwickau

Twinnings

External links

eo:Zwickau nl:Zwickau sv:Zwickau it:Zwickau

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